Aloe is an evergreen tropical plant from the succulent genus. Other names: Aloe, agave, doctor, century tree, prickly flower, alyas.
Aloe is a tree that grows from 2 to 6 meters in height. The leaves are thick sword-shaped, light green in color with spines around the edge. The leaves are collected in a rosette and placed in a spiral relative to the stem. the size of the leaves is up to 60 cm. Inside the leaf there is a viscous pulp, which is distributed over the cells, so the plant stores moisture in case of drought. The flowers are red, yellow or orange, tubular, within the limits of the shape are found in May-June, collected in a large brush and placed on a long peduncle in the apical part of the plant. The fruit is a bluntly trihedral, almost cylindrical box containing many grayish-black seeds. Distributed in arid regions of tropical and South Africa, Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula, cultivated in the CIS in Transcaucasia and Central Asia.
Contains active substances:
Aloe leaves contain allantoin, natural antioxidants in the form of vitamins B complex, vitamins C and E, as well as beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the body. Also, some enzymes and phytocides were found in aloe, as well as resinous substances, bitterness. One of the main elements is barbaloin.
Used for diseases:
Diseases of the stomach: peptic ulcer, gastritis, bronchial asthma, chronic and atonic constipation, purulent wounds, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, chronic gastritis with low acidity, with a tendency to constipation, chronic colitis, hypochromic anemia, diseases of the skin and mucous membranes, burns , osteomyelitis, trophic ulcers, diseases of the oropharynx, gums, skin tuberculosis, lupus, eczema, radiation dermatitis of the head, epithelioma, cervical erosion, acute rhinitis, ulcerative stomatitis, blepharitis, keratitis, iritis, anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, hypertension, gout, sciatica, influenza, tonsillitis, chronic sinusitis, eczema, malignant tumors, radiation sickness with leukopenia, loss of strength, colds, calluses, eye diseases (incipient cataract, conjunctivitis).
Medicinal raw materials are the leaves and the juice obtained from them. It is necessary to cut the lower and middle leaves with a size of at least 15 cm in length. After that, the leaves are cut, the juice released from the cut is poured into a glass dish. After that, the juice is thickened by evaporation in a water bath. The thickened juice is called sabur.
Aloe is known to be a good laxative product. All kinds of pills, drops, suppositories are made from aloe extract and are used in many countries as a laxative product. Aloe also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, it is also used in the treatment of wounds and burns, inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, eye diseases. Aloe is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. -intestinal tract, gastritis, enterocolitis, gastroenteritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, also with bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis and hypochromic anemia. In eye practice, aloe is used to treat blepharitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, vitreous opacities, progressive myopia. For the treatment of cervical erosion, fresh aloe juice is used, in the form of moistened swabs.