Perennial herbaceous plant up to 1 m tall, equipped with a bulb. Bulb with numerous sessile, white or grayish, oblong-ovate bulbs enclosed in a common white membranous sheath. The stem is mostly leafy to the middle. The leaves are broadly linear, flat, keeled below, slightly grooved above, sharp. Inflorescences in the form of an umbrella, covered with membranous cover before flowering. Umbrella with numerous bulbs. Flowers on long stalks, reddish or greenish white. Blooms in June-July.
Medicinal raw materials are garlic bulbs, which contain essential oil, aliya glucoside, iodine, polysaccharides, sulfur-containing substances and phytoncides.
In medical practice, garlic products are used for intestinal atony, flatulence, to inhibit the processes of decay and fermentation in the intestines, for colitis, dysentery and as a very effective antihelminthic, also for hypertension and atherosclerosis. There are positive results in the treatment of trichomonas colpitis with garlic products ( swabs from garlic gruel), some diseases of the ear, lungs, purulent ulcers and wounds (steaming for 10 minutes with garlic gruel), dysentery, etc.
In folk medicine, garlic products have long been used for gastrointestinal diseases and for their prevention, for hypertension, also for atony of the stomach and intestines, dyspepsia, inflammation of the caecum, respiratory tract diseases, throat tuberculosis, especially for purulent pneumonia, and bronchial asthma. , jaundice, dropsy, arteriosclerosis, influenza. Carry garlic products to the means for the treatment of precancerous and cancerous diseases of various localizations.
Externally, garlic is used for trichomonas inflammation of the female genital organs, skin diseases.
Inside, it is also used as a diuretic in almost all diseases of the bladder and kidneys, as an antiseptic, antiscorbutic and antimalarial agent, with swelling of the legs and an enlarged spleen.
Garlic can replace mustard plasters for headaches and chest pains. Garlic ointment or juice is used for warts and calluses, snake and scorpion bites, and for chronic festering ulcers (use an infusion of garlic in vinegar or juice with vinegar).
With garlic breath from the mouth, it is removed by chewing fresh parsley root or calamus root.
Pharmaceutical products: 1) alcohol tincture: 15 or 30 g; use 15 drops 3 times every day; 2) extract of all-lilsole: 10-15 drops (in milk) 2-3 times every day.
Vodka tincture: 10 heads of finely chopped or minced garlic per 0.5 or 1 liter of vodka; insist 8 days in a dark place; use 1/2 teaspoon 3 times every day.
Thick ointment (most often used for warts): crushed garlic is mixed in half with pork fat.
Vinegar ointment (liquid): 1 part crushed garlic to 4 parts vinegar.
1. A clove of garlic is bitten and held in the mouth, sucking on the juice, for the maximum possible time (until the juice is felt) followed by repeated repetition. The goal is the juice and essential oils, evaporating, envelop the throat, this treats his tuberculosis.
2. A clove of garlic with salt is bitten and, having sucked out the juice, proceed to pumpkin seeds. They gnaw the seeds for a long time, after which they again suck out the juice from the garlic with salt (chive) – and again pumpkin seeds. This continues until the jaundice subsides.
Tampons in the vagina from freshly grated slurry of garlic. They take a piece of gauze measuring 10 x 10 cm, put gruel in it, tie it, insert it into the vagina and keep it for 3-4 hours every day, and sometimes longer. Such garlic gruel is used in the treatment of certain forms of precancer of the lip, limited and less commonly diffuse hyperkeratosis, leukoplakia, fissures and simple ulcers.
Alcohol extracts are used for hypertension, atherosclerosis. Garlic preparations lower blood pressure, increase the amplitude and slow down the rhythm of heart contractions, inhibit cholinesterase activity, dilate blood vessels, increase diuresis, secretion and peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract.
And also pay attention to the article Seed garlic