Perennial tuberous herbaceous plant over 2 m high, originally from North America. The stem is straight, slightly branched with numerous alternate, rough, like the stem, leaves (from the side it resembles a young sunflower). The flowers are golden yellow, collected in large baskets with a diameter of 5-7 cm or more. Blooms from late June to September. The root is branched, with numerous root crops of various shapes.
Cultivated, grows wild in the southern regions of Russia. Propagated by wind dispersal of seeds. In culture, it reproduces like potatoes – by planting the root crop in the soil, weeding and hilling.
Medicinal raw materials are grass in the initial stage of flowering and root crops, which are dug up after the plant wilts or in spring (which is better). The aerial part is canned or dried, like all herbaceous plants. Root crops in a fresh (raw) form are stored in cellars in wooden boxes, like potatoes.
The root crop is used in food instead of potatoes in fried form (on any fat basis), boiled, fresh, in the form of juice from the root crop or powder for adding to salads, sauces, etc. Compotes and soft drinks are made from the root crop. The taste of a fresh root crop resembles the taste of a cabbage stalk.
In folk medicine, Jerusalem artichoke products are used as a means of restoring metabolism in diseases such as hypertension, hyperacid gastritis, headache, diabetes mellitus, as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent for gastrointestinal diseases (gastric cramps and intestinal colic), constipation, arthritis, polyarthritis, radiculitis, salt deposition.
Freshly prepared juice from root crops is taken in 1-2 tbsp. spoons or 1/2 cup 3 times every day before meals.
Infusion: 3-4 tbsp. spoons of the root vegetable insist 2-3 hours in 1 liter of boiling water and drink without restriction (like tea or water) for hypertension, diabetes.
Decoction: 1-2 kg of dry or raw herbs are boiled for 10-15 minutes in 5-Yul of water and applied externally in the form of hot baths 2-3 times a week for 15-20 minutes for arthritis, polyarthritis and other diseases (with all this it is recommended to regularly take products from the root vegetable inside).
See also Ground pear.