Smovd mountain – mountain range

Name: Smovd mountain – mountain range

Mountain smovd (Peucedanum oreoselinum); rabbit turnip, viper carrot; mustard


A perennial herbaceous plant with a pleasant smell of the celery (umbrella) family. The stem is dense, cylindrical, grooved, slightly branched, 30-100 cm tall. The leaves are alternate, green on both sides, bent down in a knee; basal – three-lobed, with ovate-lanceolate pinnately cut segments on the petioles (the petiole of the leaf and its branches are zigzag-bent and unfurled); the upper ones are sessile, with a weakly developed pinnate plate. The flowers are small, bisexual, in complex 20-30-rayed umbels, at the base of which there is a sheath of 9-13 lanceolate, thinly pointed, membranous leaves along the edge, and at the base of the umbels there is a sheath of 7-9 lanceolate-acuminate leaves; calyx teeth short, often inconspicuous; petals are white, broadly ovate, notched at the top. The fruit is a rounded two-seeded, 4-5, 5 mm wide. Blooms in June-July.

Distribution . Mountain smovd grows in the Polissia and in the forest-steppe (in coniferous and mixed forests, on sands) and occasionally in the Left Bank Steppe (on the second terraces of rivers).

Procurement and storage . Herb (Herba Oreoselini) and roots (Radix Oreoselini) are used for medicinal purposes. The grass is collected throughout the growing season, dried in the shade on sieves. The roots are dug after the seeds have ripened or in the spring – before the beginning of the growing season. Dry at a temperature not higher than 30°. 25% of dry grass is obtained, 16% of roots.

The plant is unofficial .

Chemical composition . The grass of the plant contains flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin, luteolin, apigenin), coumarin derivatives (peucedanin, atamantine), valeric acid, essential oil, which includes limonene and sabinene. The chemical composition of the roots is close to the chemical composition of the aerial part of the plant.

Pharmacological properties and use . Mountain smovd has a diuretic, diaphoretic and sedative effect. In folk medicine, the plant was used for stomach aches, timid children were bathed in its decoction, and it was recommended as an auxiliary remedy for venereal diseases. In homeopathy, preparations from fresh plants are used.

Medicinal forms and applications. Internally – a decoction (5 g of grass or roots per 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes) 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day for insufficient secretion of digestive juices and intestinal colic, as well as as an auxiliary agent for urolithiasis.

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