Crimean rose, French rose, or Gallic

Name: Crimean rose, French rose, or Gallic



A well-known perennial shrub with a height of 60-100 cm from the Rosaceae family with very fragrant flowers. The leaves are long-petiolate, alternate, pinnate, consisting of 5-7 leaflets. Leaflets are rounded, ovate or elliptical, crenate-serrate. The flowers are large, located on long stalks, 1-3 at the ends of the branches. Calyx five-leaved, corolla five-petal, semi-double. Petals purplish-red, rarely pink. Blooms in May-June.

For medicinal purposes, flower petals are used, collected early in the morning during flowering (preferably with rosehip flower petals), and fruits.

In folk medicine, products from rose petals are among the mucous, slightly astringent and are used not only for simple diarrhea, but also for dysentery, abdominal pain, lung diseases, catarrhs ​​of the upper respiratory tract and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, jaundice and even in cholera; with angina and all kinds of diseases of the oral cavity in the form of rinses and washes; finely ground powder of rose petals is sprinkled on ulcers and applied to places affected by erysipelas.

In Armenia, red rose petals are used for liver diseases. Rose water is used in the form of lotions for eye diseases.


It is used as an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, analgesic, astringent, tonic, C-vitamin and improves the taste and smell of infusions. Recommended for hypertension and atherosclerosis white rose petals; for gastritis, stomach ulcers, liver diseases and dysentery – red rose petals, better with rosehip flower petals.

It is recommended to use a cultivated, so-called medicinal rose. From its petals and fruits in the south, jam and candied fruits are prepared (sugar-coated fruits that replace sweets), and rose honey is made in industry. The petals of the flowers of this rose are used for coughs.


Light decoction: 1-3 g, or 1 pinch of fruits and flowers, crushed into powder, in 1 cup of hot water; 1 glass 3 times every day.

See also Damascus rose.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *