Damascus rose and white rose

Name: Damask rose and white rose



These 2 types of roses are cultivated plants that are grown for the production of rose oil, which is found mainly in the petals of the flowers. Both species are low shrubs, similar in features to the Crimean rose, with the essential difference that the number of petals is not 5, but much more – within 30, instead of which the number of stamens is much less than in other species. Both species bloom in May-June.

In fresh flowers, it is within 0.02% of oil (to obtain 1 kg of oil, almost 4000 rose flowers will be needed).

Flowers are used for medicinal purposes. The rose oil obtained by distillation with water vapor contains phenylethyl alcohol in the range of 3–9%, and the oil obtained by extraction contains 55%. Distilled oil also contains 40-76% geraniol, 5-10% nerol, 15-37% citronellone, etc. The pleasant fragrant smell of the oil is mainly due to geraniol, nerol and citrognellon, as well as phenyl-ethyl alcohol.

Rose oil has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects in lung abscesses and even lung gangrene. It causes anemia of the mucous membrane of the respiratory organs and has an antispasmodic effect on the bronchial muscles. It is prescribed for bronchial asthma. It is used both in the form of injections and inside.

White rose flowers contain resinous and mucous substances and are a good laxative and anthelmintic, especially for young children.

Red rose flowers contain 15-20% catechin tannins, quercetin (a flavone glycoside) and cyanine (anthocyanin glycoside dye). It has a good astringent and tonic effect in case of diarrhea, catarrhal gastrointestinal diseases and anti-inflammatory effect in case of angina and inflammation of the gums (used as a rinse).


Inside take in the form of infusion: 5-10 g of crushed petals (2-3 tablespoons) pour 2 cups of boiling water (daily dose for adults, for kids – for 2 days); the same infusion is used to gargle and lubricate the gums.

Rose water, obtained by distilling rose oil, contains a significant amount of phenylethyl alcohol and has an antiseptic effect on inflammation of the eyes. Artificial rose water, which is produced by dissolving rose oil in distilled water, has only the smell of natural rose water, but does not have its composition and properties.

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