Dandelion officinalis

Perennial herbaceous plant up to 30 cm tall. The root is thick, branched. The stem is shortened. The leaves are oblong, collected in a basal rosette, forked-pore-notched, slightly cobwebbed. Blooming arrow bears single baskets of yellow reed flowers. A wrapper of numerous green leaves, the outer ones are bent down. Fruits – achenes with volutes, gray or greenish-brown, ribbed, with a nose 2-3 times longer than the fruit. Blooms from April to late autumn.

Dandelion officinalis is widespread in all regions of Russia. Grows in meadows, gardens, roads, rarely in the steppes.

It should not be mixed with autumn dandelion, which has hard, leathery, slightly notched leaves and white tomentose pubescence. Blooms from July.

Medicinal raw materials are the roots dug up in the fall after the leaves wither and in the spring before flowering. Raw materials are dried after washing in cold water traditionally in attics, stored in sealed jars. The storage period is 7-8 years. The dried plant has no smell, the taste of the whole plant is bitter with a feeling of sliminess.

Dandelion flowers and leaves contain taraxanthin; flavoxanthin; motein; triterpene alcohols – ar-nidol; vitamins C, A, B12; iron, calcium and phosphorus.


Dandelion roots contain: taraxasterol, pseudo-taraxasterol, B-sitosterol, stigmasterol, taraxol, a lot of inulin, rubber, fatty oil, consisting of glycerides of palmitic, oleic, linoleic, lemon balm and cerotinic acids.

The bitter substances of the plant stimulate appetite and improve the activity of the digestive tract, have choleretic, diuretic, antihelminthic and laxative properties.

In scientific medicine, only dandelion roots are used, and then only to stimulate appetite, with constipation and as a choleretic agent.

In folk medicine, in spring, with a lack of vitamins, the roots and young leaves of dandelion are consumed in the form of a salad, but products from the roots are most often consumed. In addition, this is a good remedy (from folk experience) for chronic constipation: use a decoction of the root inside.

In pulmonary diseases, dandelion products are used as a good expectorant; they also have a diuretic property.

Dandelion leaves and roots are used for chronic liver disease as a choleretic agent, as a means of reducing the amount of cholesterol in the blood, for gallbladder disease, gallstone disease, jaundice, gastritis, colitis, constipation, hemorrhoids (it is better to use I before flowering).

Root tincture on vodka is drunk for abdominal pain, sexually transmitted diseases, lotions are made for eczema.

An aqueous decoction of the whole plant is drunk to prevent habitual miscarriages, with pulmonary tuberculosis, fright; a decoction of herbs, and even better, flowers are drunk for liver disease, jaundice; tincture of flowers on vodka is used for rheumatism; A decoction of flowers is drunk for high blood pressure, insomnia, hemorrhoids, one drop of milky juice is instilled into the eyes for trachoma, dandelion products are used for eye diseases. Decoctions of dry grass and root are used for diseases of the stomach, abdominal pain, the formation of stones in the bile or urinary tract, eczema, furunculosis, age spots.

It is recommended to take 50-100 g of plant juice per day, as it has a blood-purifying property, can be used as a tonic, diuretic for stomach weakness, jaundice, skin diseases and gout. Dandelion is believed to reduce blood flow to the liver and dissolve gallstones.

Apply dandelion from fever, consumption. Dandelion leaves are used in the form of salads in early spring, especially if they are immersed in a saline solution for 30 minutes before use so that they lose their excess bitterness. In some states they are even prepared for the future, fermented like cabbage.

Dandelion flower buds are pickled and consumed in place of capers. The root is sometimes used instead of chicory, adding to coffee.


Potion: fresh roots – 100 g; alcohol 96 ° – 15 ml; glycerin – 15 g; water – 17 ml. Strain and take 1-2 tbsp. spoons every day. Or boil 3-4 stalks of fresh dandelion in 1 liter of water, let stand in a dark place for 10 minutes and take 4 cups every day for chronic liver disease as a means to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood.

Tincture: 50%; 1 teaspoon 2 times daily to increase appetite.

Infusion: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of chopped herbs in a glass of boiling water, brew like tea. Take 1/2 cup 30 minutes before meals to increase appetite.

Decoction: 20 g per 200 ml or as a tea; 1/4-1/2 cup 3-4 times every day.

Powder: on the tip of a penknife 3 times daily.

A mixture of products for eczema: dandelion roots and burdock – 1 tbsp. spoon for 3 cups of water; insist throughout the night, boil for 10 minutes in the morning and leave without fire for 20 minutes; use half a glass 5 times every day.

Ointment for eczema: honey mixed with dandelion flour. Wash off the ointment from the body with warm whey.

And also give respect to the statue of Kulbaba likarska

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