Common raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.)

Common raspberry is a shrubby perennial plant from the Rosaceae family. Other names: catberry, wild raspberry, raspberry, red raspberry


Quite a tall shrub, 50-120 cm tall, with bent 2-year-old simple stems bearing thin thorns in the lower part. In the first year, green, herbaceous, thorn-covered stems grow, woody by winter and at the same time losing thorns, in the second year they bloom, bear fruit and dry up, and new stems grow annually from a perennial rhizome. Castings imparipinnate, with 5-7 leaflets, upper trifoliate; leaflets oblong-ovate, pointed, biserrate, green above, covered with thin white felt below, 2-8 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide; stipules are almost filiform, with their lower part adnate at the base to the petiole. Flowers in infrequent paniculate corymbose inflorescence, on pedicels; corolla – white of 5 petals, shorter than sepals; stamens and pistils numerous, equal in length. The fruits are raspberry red easily separated from the white conical receptacle, prefabricated drupes, consisting of interconnected juicy drupes with rounded pits. Raspberry blossoms in June-July, bears fruit in July-August. Common raspberry grows in damp places (forests), along forest edges, settles on mountains and clearings, in ravines, among shrubs, etc. It is bred as a berry bush.

Harvesting, description of raw materials:

In medicine, “raspberry fruits” – Fructus Rubiidaei wild plants are used. Fully ripe fruits are collected, separated from the fruit bearing, removing unripe and overripe, wrinkled and spoiled fruits, accidentally falling raspberry leaves. Dry in several cooled ovens or dryers at a temperature of 50-60 degrees. Celsius. Before drying, the fruits can be dried in the sun. Well-dried fruits should not stain the hands, and when squeezed should not stick together in lumps. Dry raspberries are 1-2 cm in diameter. The color is grayish-reddish, the smell is slightly aromatic, the taste is pleasant, sour-sweet.

Contains active substances:

Raspberries contain organic acids (malic, citric, salicylic, etc.), vitamin C, carotene and sugars.

Medicinal use:

In medicine, raspberry fruits are used in the form of tea as a diaphoretic for colds. In folk medicine, berries and a decoction of raspberry branches are used for colds, berries are eaten in any form for flu, loss of strength, a decoction of flowers and raspberry roots is drunk for whites; branches and berries are used as a diaphoretic, antipyretic at high temperatures, with suffocation.

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