Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)

Red clover is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant from the Moth family (Papilionaceae). Other names: red clover, woodpecker, kanyushina


The root is perennial, taproot, deep into the soil; stems up to 50 cm tall, somewhat ascending, emerging from a very shortened main stem; leaves are equipped with membranous stipules, trifoliate, with broadly ovate finely toothed leaflets; flowers are pink, red, collected in large numbers in rather loose, spherical or slightly oblong heads up to 3-4 cm long; the fruit is a bean, egg-shaped, with one seed. Blooms all summer. Red clover grows in meadows, forest clearings, on the outskirts of fields and roads. It is bred as a fodder and honey plant. Occurs frequently.

Contains active substances:

Red clover herb contains tannins, trifolin, isotrifolin, isometrin, quercetin 3-methyl ether, quercetin glycoside, asparagine, tyrosine, coumaric and salicylic acids, sitosterols, vitamins E, C, carotene.

Medicinal use:

Red clover inflorescence is brewed as a tea and drunk with uterine bleeding, leucorrhea, rapid breathing (shortness of breath), general ailments; decoction of leaves with salt moisten the head with headaches; a decoction of clover grass is taken for coughing, the eyes are washed with juice from a fresh plant.

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