Kishnets sowing

Common gut (Coriandrum sativum L.)

Kishnitsa sowing is an annual herbaceous plant from the umbrella family (Umbelliferae). Other names: Coriander, cilantro, bedbug


Annual bare plant with a thin taproot, finely furrowed stem up to 70 cm in height; the lower leaves are three-parted, with wedge-shaped toothed leaflets, the middle leaves are pinnately dissected. Small pink flowers are collected in complex umbrellas of 3-5 rays, marginal flowers in umbrellas are slightly irregular; umbrellas almost without wrapping, umbrellas with 3 spiny leaves; the fruit is spherical, brown-yellow, within 2.5 mm in diameter. It blooms in June-July. Kishnets, or as it is more commonly called – coriander is sometimes bred in gardens as a spicy plant. It also occurs as a weed near dwellings.

Harvesting, description of raw materials:

In medicine, coriander fruits are used – Fructus Coriandri. When half of the fruit is dry, the tops of the plants are cut off, tied into sheaves and dried. When dried, the fruits ripen; the sheaves are threshed, and the fruits are cleaned on winnowers. The raw material consists of spherical two-seeded fruits that do not break up into semi-fruits when ripe. On the plane, straight filamentous elevations and alternating with them sinuous, slightly protruding ribs are clearly visible. The color is gray or grayish brown. The taste is spicy, the smell is peculiar, pleasant.

Contains active substances:

Coriander fruits contain up to 1.2% essential oil, which contains linalol and terpenes.

Medicinal use:

Coriander fruits are used in the form of powder, infusion and tincture as a digestive, choleretic, antihemorrhoid agent. The essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the fruit is used as a substitute for lavender oil in some pharmaceutical products.

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