Iris iris is a perennial plant from the Iris family (Iridaceae). Other names: Iris iris, water iris, yellow iris
Perennial herbaceous rather tall (up to 1 m) plant with a thick, longish, branched, slightly segmented rhizome. Leaves broadly linear-xiphoid up to 2 cm wide with thin longitudinal veins and prominent midrib; the lower leaves are almost equal in length to the stem. The flowers are large, 5 cm long or more, on long thick pedicels emerging from the axils of the upper vaginal leaves, and collected 3-5 in bunches at the ends of the branches. Flower wrapper of membranous leaves; within the flower corolla-shaped of 6 light yellow leaves with an orange spot and purple veins; The 3 inner leaflets are much smaller than the 3 outer ones. The fruit is a large, trihedral, oblong-oval box, at the top with a short nose; seeds shiny, compressed. It blooms in May-June. Iris grows in swamps, swampy meadows, on the banks of rivers and lakes, by the water, in the brook black alder forests. The plant is common.
Contains active substances:
The chemical composition of the iris rhizome is little studied. It is known that it contains tannins.
For medicinal purposes, the yellow iris rhizome is used, which is part of the Zdirenko collection, which is used as a symptomatic remedy in the treatment of bladder papillomatosis and anacid gastritis. In folk medicine, the iris rhizome is not often used. It is boiled with water and drunk with catarrh of the stomach, fright, for hair growth.