Larkspur high (Delphinium elatum L.)

Larkspur high is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Larkspur (Delphinium) of the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). Other names: high delphinium, spur.


Herbaceous perennial with a cylindrical, erect, unbranched or bearing short lateral branches stem up to 2 m in height, covered with alternate, rather large palmately divided leaves with rounded or polygonal blades up to 4/5 of their length, divided into wide, oblong-rhombic on triangular lobes at the end, with large teeth along the edges. The inflorescence is a long, rather rare, simple or branched raceme, consisting of relatively large bright flowers, sitting on the sides of the peduncle in the axils of whole (except for the lowest), narrow bracts, on long pedicels. Flowers within 2 cm in length, blue, with a long hollow spur, calyx 5-leaved, blue with 5 free petals, many stamens. The fruits are three-leaflets, naked. Larkspur blooms high in June – August. It grows in light forests, on the edges and glades. Found in the vicinity of Vitebsk. The plant is decorative and widely used in floriculture.


In medicine, the herb of high larkspur is used – Herba Delphinii elati. They collect the ground part of the plant during flowering, while tearing off the tops and side shoots, and discarding the thick, hard stems; dry in the shade.

Contains active substances:

Larkspur grass high contains up to 1.3% of alkaloids: elatin, delatin, delphelin, etc. It serves as a raw material for the production of elatin alkaloid, used as a base. It has a curare-like action, similar to that of tubocurarine, but unlike the latter, it is active not only when used parenterally, but also when administered into the stomach.

Medicinal use:

It is used in powders and tablets to reduce muscle tone, also for vascular and traumatic disorders of the brain, accompanied by muscle hypertension; with lesions of the spinal cord, hyperkinesis.

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