Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.)

Origanum vulgaris is a herbaceous perennial plant from the Lamiaceae family (Labiatae).


A fragrant herbaceous perennial with an obliquely directed rhizome and erect, traditionally only in inflorescence branched tetrahedral stems up to 85 cm in height, densely pubescent along the gann, bearing oppositely arranged leaves in pairs and crosswise. Leaf blade 2-5 cm long, ovate-oblong, obtuse at apex, obtusely pointed at upper leaves, serrated or entire, with cilia, glabrous on plane, pubescent only downstream along veins, sharply narrowed into petiole at base, which is shorter than the leaf blade. The flowers are rather small, 4.5 – 6 mm long, collected in dense oblong-oval spikelets, located at the top of the stem and branches in a corymbose-paniculate inflorescence, reddish or pinkish-lilac, two-lipped, with a flat upper notched lip and a lower one – three-lobed. Blooms from June to September. Oregano vulgaris grows on hills overgrown with pine, oak and other species, along bushes and forest edges. It occurs frequently, traditionally in groups of several plants.


For medicinal purposes, the herb oregano is used – Herba Origani, which is a mixture of leaves and flowers. Raw materials are harvested during the flowering period from July to September. Dry outdoors in the shade. After drying, the leaves are separated from the stems.

Contains active substances:

Oregano herb contains essential oil (up to 1.2%), tannins and ascorbic acid. The essential oil includes thymol and carvacrol (up to 44%), sequisterpenes (12.5%), free alcohols (15.4%) and geranyl acetate (up to 5%).

Medicinal use:

In medical practice, an infusion of oregano herb is used internally to stimulate appetite, with intestinal atony, and as an expectorant. Oxygen is also part of the sweatshop collection and many other collections. Essential oil is used externally as an analgesic for toothache. In folk medicine, it is recommended to drink an aqueous decoction of oregano herb for abdominal pain, heart disease, women’s diseases, lack of menstruation, leucorrhea, after childbirth; for colds, coughs, insomnia, nervousness, pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza, nausea, toothache.

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