Amur velvet (Phellodendron amurense)

Other names: Amur cork tree, Amur phellodendron Amur velvet – A large tree from the Rutaceae family.


Tree up to 20-25 m high and 60-75 cm in diameter, with a dense crown and light gray wrinkled velvety bark. The leaves are alternate unpaired pinnately compound, with an unpleasant odor. The flowers are small, greenish, collected in a brush up to 12 cm long. It begins to bloom at the 18-20th year of life. The fruit is a black drupe, inedible, with an unpleasant odor. Blossoms in June – early July, within 10 days, the fruits ripen in September. A velvet tree grows in Japan, China, and the CIS. Grown in parks, artificial forest plantations.

Contains active substances:

Contains isoquinoline alkaloids (berberine), tannins, coumarins, saponins. The leaves of this tree contain flavonoids: derivatives of isorhamnetin, kaempferol, quercetin, aromadendrin, etc., essential oil, vitamin C (up to 280 mg%).

Medicinal use:

For therapeutic purposes, bark, bast, leaves, fruits are used. It is known about the use of products obtained from this tree as tonic, antiseptic, antipyretic and hemostatic agents. In Korean folk medicine, eating 2-3 fresh berries every day is considered beneficial for diabetes. In Tibetan medicine, a decoction of the bark, bast is used for allergies, dermatitis, polyarthritis, diseases of the lymph nodes, diseases of the kidneys, eyes.

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