Badan thick-leaved – Herbaceous perennial from the Saxifragaceae family.
The root is powerful, creeping, black on the outside, and yellow in the middle. Leaves basal, leathery, rounded-elliptical, wintering. The leafless flowering stem can reach a height of 50 cm, at its very top is a paniculate corymbose inflorescence. The inflorescence of Badana is a pink raceme of regular, five-membered flowers. The fruits are small boxes. Bergenia blooms in May – July. It grows on mountain shaded slopes in the mountainous taiga regions of Siberia, it is especially widespread in Altai, the Sayan Mountains and Transbaikalia.
Contains active substances:
The rhizomes and leaves of bergenia contain many tannins (tannins), the rhizomes also contain isocoumarin bergenin, catechins, gallic and ellagic acids.
Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes, and leaves are also used in folk medicine. Rhizomes are harvested in June-July, cleaned from the ground and dried thoroughly.
A decoction prepared from rhizomes is used as an astringent and hemostatic agent for all kinds of stomach and gynecological diseases. The leaves have long been used by the people for diarrhea and fever. Old, blackened leaves are brewed instead of tea (in Siberia this drink is known as “Mongolian tea”).