Actinidia kolomikta is a woody climbing vine from the actinidia family – Actinidiaceae. Other names: Amur gooseberry, “raisin”, creeper.
Shoots are shiny dark brown, with curly or straight branches that can climb to a height of up to 7 meters. The leaves are oval, at various periods of their life they have a different color – at the beginning of growth they are bronze in color, then green, and before flowering the tips of most of the leaves turn white, after flowering they turn pinkish, then crimson red. In autumn, the leaves turn pink, yellow, light yellow or purple-red. Starting from the second decade of June, it blooms for 20 days with white flowers of different sexes, located in axillary inflorescences. The fruit ripens in mid-September, has a dark green color, cylindrical shape, edible, has a pleasant taste and smell. It grows in mixed and coniferous forests on mountain slopes up to an altitude of 1000-1800 m above sea level.
Contains active substances:
In the fruits of actinidia there is a large amount of ascorbic acid (up to 1430 mg%); also sugars, organic acids, vitamin P, carotenoids, tannins and pectins, pigments, trace elements.
Medicinal raw materials are the fruits of actinidia, which are harvested mature and processed fresh. Sometimes they are dried and dried at a temperature of 60 ° C. They are used for medicinal purposes as a vitamin (used to treat beriberi), as well as a tonic for anemia, metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, antiscorbutic, hemostatic and anthelmintic.