COLLECTION AND DRYING OF RAW MATERIALS
For medicinal purposes, the herb (aerial part of the plant) of Avran officinalis is used, which is harvested during the flowering period, and rhizomes dug out in the fall. The grass is dried outdoors in the shade or in a room with good ventilation. Dried raw materials consist of leafy stems with or without flowers and partly with fruits. When harvesting for seed propagation, it will be necessary to leave 20-30% of the plants. The shelf life of raw materials is 2 years. The raw material has a rather bitter, pungent, nauseating taste. The plant retains toxicity even after drying.
The plant has a strong laxative, diuretic, emetic and anthelmintic effect. The alcoholic tincture of the leaves acts on the heart like foxglove.
APPLICATIONS IN MEDICINE
Roots, rhizomes. In folk medicine – emetic, laxative, diuretic; with lethargy of the intestines, hemorrhoids. Decoction – for chronic constipation, ascites, helminthiasis. Aerial part. It is part of the Zdrenko collection – a symptomatic remedy for the treatment of bladder papillomatosis, anacid gastritis, for the treatment of stomach ulcers and malignant tumors. Essence – in homeopathy. In folk medicine, infusion, decoction – for heart failure, diseases of the liver, spleen, ascites, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, female diseases, impotence, fever, helminthiasis; infusion causes an aversion to smoking; decoction, fresh juice, ointment, powder externally (lotions, compresses, rubbing) – with varicose veins, rheumatism, hematomas, osteoalgia, gout, rashes, panaritiums. Fresh crushed grass is applied for aches, tumors, bruises with subcutaneous hemorrhages. In dried form, it can replace the Alexandrian leaf (Senna leaf) – Cassia acutifolia.
DOSAGE FORMS, METHOD OF APPLICATION AND DOSES
♦ Avran herb infusion: 2 g of raw material is poured into 200 ml of boiling water, insisted, then filtered. Take 1 tablespoon after 2 hours. ♦ Decoction of avran grass: 1/2 teaspoon of herb is poured into 200 ml of hot water, boiled in a closed enameled bowl in a water bath for 30 minutes, filtered hot and bring the volume of boiled water to the original. Take 1 teaspoon every 15-20 minutes until the effect appears. Used as an anthelmintic.♦ Avran herb powder is taken 0.2 g 3 times every day. The highest single dose is 1.0 g, the daily dose is 3.0 g. prudence under the supervision of a physician, strictly observing the dosage. Large doses of Avran products cause diarrhea and convulsions. * Avran, eaten in large quantities, causes severe diarrhea with vomiting, great loss of strength and even death in animals. Poisoning was noted mainly in horses and cattle when eating hay with an admixture of avran. It is traditionally not eaten by animals during grazing.————♦ Here and throughout the book, this sign marks the methods of preparation used in folk medicine.