Mother-and-stepmother – pydbyl zvichayny (veterinary practice)

Popular names: butterbur, water burdock, stepmother, forest lapushnik, king-potion.

Botanical characteristic. Compositae family. Wild herbaceous plant 10-25 cm high. Rhizome creeping, juicy, branched with thin roots. In early spring, long before the leaves bloom, yellow, basket-shaped flowers are found. After flowering, leaves develop, forming a basal rosette. Basal leaves are round-heart-shaped, up to 25 cm in diameter, serrated. Blooms in early spring (color table VII – 1).

Spreading. It occurs almost throughout the USSR, but most often in the steppe and forest-steppe zones. It grows along the banks of rivers, in fields, in vegetable gardens, in wet meadows, within roads, forming dense thickets in places.

Medicinal raw materials. They collect basal leaves in the first half of summer, quickly dry them in the open air, attics or in ventilated rooms, laying them out in a thin layer on paper; temperature regime 40-50 °C. During drying, the raw materials are often mixed. Throw out browned and spotty leaves. Flowers are also prepared. They are collected at the beginning of flowering in clear, dry weather, cutting flower baskets at the very base with scissors. Dry separately from the leaves, turning carefully from time to time. Raw materials are stored in a dry place for 3 years in closed boxes.

Chemical composition. Leaves of plants contain mucus, tannins, ascorbic acid, carotene, bitter glycoside tussylyagin, inulin, organic acids, etc. Faradiol, arnidiol, sitosterol, tannins, etc. were found in flower baskets.

pharmacological properties. Coltsfoot is an ancient cough remedy. Preparations from the leaves of the plant have a pronounced expectorant, disinfectant, anti-inflammatory and emollient effect, which depends on the presence of essential oils and mucous substances.

The leaves of this plant are part of the nursing and diaphoretic fees.

Application. In folk veterinary medicine, leaves are used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea) and urinary tract, to stimulate appetite and improve digestion. Fresh leaves are applied to wounds, ulcers and boils. In veterinary practice, the leaves are used in the form of an infusion (1:10): externally in the form of lotions as an emollient and enveloping agent, internally as an expectorant for respiratory diseases (catarrhs ​​of the upper respiratory tract, bronchitis, etc.), as an enveloping agent for inflammatory phenomena in gastrointestinal tract, to stimulate appetite and improve digestion. For this purpose, they are prescribed in the form of infusion in doses: cattle and horses 20-50 g, small cattle 5-15, dogs 2-5, pigs 5-15 g.


Rp.: Infusi folii Tussilaginis farfarae 10.0—400.0

DS Inside 1/2 cup 2 times every day with food (expectorant).


Rp.: Folii Farfarae 50.0

DS One tablespoon pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 10 minutes, cool at room temperature, strain. Give 1/2 cup several times every day (expectorant).

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