Raspberry

Shrub or shrub 0.5-1.2 m tall. The roots are woody, creeping, with above-ground shoots (root shoot plant). The stems are round, erect, with thin spines bent back. Leaves alternate, petiolate, pinnate, of 5-7 pairs of leaflets, ovate, pubescent below, upper leaves with three leaflets. The flowers are small, white, the calyx is bent down with fruits. There are many stamens, the receptacle is conical. The fruit is a drupe, red. Blooms from June to autumn. The fruits begin to ripen in July.

Everywhere it is bred in gardens, found in forest clearings, along roads.

Medicinal raw materials are fruits, in folk medicine, in addition, flowers, leaves. The collected fruits are dried in the sun, and then dried in ovens. Raw materials are stored in well-ventilated, dry rooms, in drafts.

Raspberry fruits contain essential oil, malic, citric, salicylic and caproic acids, sugar (8%), mucus, vitamins C (up to 30 mg%), B, P, carotene, dyes, potassium salts (224 mg%), copper , pectin, nitrogen substances. Raspberries are distinguished by a high content of purines, the largest number of which is in dried berries (62.7 mg%).

Even in ancient times, raspberries were considered a healing agent. Dried fruits were used for febrile illnesses, and flowers in the form of tincture served as an antidote for bites of snakes, scorpions, bees, wasps.

In scientific medicine, dried raspberries are used as a diaphoretic for colds and as a mild diuretic for influenza, tonsillitis, etc.

Syrup is prepared from fresh raspberries, which is added to medicines to improve the taste of medicines; raspberries are included in teas No. 1 and No. 2.

 

In folk medicine, common raspberry (flowers, leaves, fruits) is used as an anti-sclerotic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and high-vitamin agent for hypertension, atherosclerosis, as a diaphoretic for influenza, colds, chronic rheumatism, fever and measles. Outwardly, a decoction is used for gargling in diseases of the throat. A decoction for lotions is prepared from dry raspberry leaves, and an ointment is made from fresh crushed leaves, which is used for acne.

In addition, raspberry fruits are used to improve appetite, regulate intestinal activity, as an antiemetic, hemostatic in gastric and intestinal bleeding, and expectorant in bronchitis.

Application

Decoction of berries: 30 g per 200 ml; insist after brewing for 20 minutes; drink at night as a diaphoretic 2 cups at a time or 2-3 cups of hot decoction for 1-2 hours, and in other cases – 1 cup 2 times every day.

Decoction for rinsing: 10 g per 200 ml.

A decoction of flowers: 20 g per 200 ml; 1 st. spoon 3 times every day.

Ointment from fresh leaves: 1 part juice to 4 parts butter.

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