Tree with light brown bark. The leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, leathery, short-petiolate, glabrous above, shiny, densely shortly pubescent below, with deciduous stipules. Flowers solitary, large, fragrant, with spirally arranged parts, cream corolla. Fruits are leathery, one-seeded. Seeds are red, in mature fruitlets hanging on thin threads. Blooms in June-September.
Large-flowered magnolia is bred on the southern coast of Crimea and the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. Homeland – America.
For medicinal purposes, flowers, leaves and tree bark are used. Collection, drying, storage – generally accepted.
The active principle of large-flowered magnolia is little studied. It is known that essential oil is found in all parts of the plant, essential and fatty oils in fruits, alkaloids (within 2%) and glycosides in leaves.
In scientific medicine, a liquid alcohol extract from magnolia leaves is used for medicinal purposes. It is prescribed for the treatment of hypertension in the early stages of the disease.
In folk medicine, an alcoholic tincture of magnolia leaves, or rather, an alcoholic extract, has a vasodilating effect, lowers blood pressure and acts as a tonic, it is also used for hypertension in the initial stage. An alcoholic tincture of seeds, fruits and bark is used as an anti-febrile and heart tonic agent, also for the treatment of rheumatism, and essential oil from young leaves and flowers of magnolia is used as a remedy for hair loss.
In the past, magnolia bark was used instead of quinine to treat malaria.
Alcohol extract: 50%; 20-30 drops 3 times every day. Assign for hypertension in the early stages. The duration of the course of treatment is 3-4 weeks.
Tincture of bark and fruits: 20%; used for rheumatism and as a tonic for cardiac activity, as well as an anti-febrile agent, take 20-30 drops 3 times every day.