Buttercup caustic (night blindness)

A perennial herbaceous plant with a rather elevated erect, branched stem upwards, with a short rhizome and numerous roots collected in a dense bunch. The lower leaves are on petioles, expanded into the vagina from below, rounded-pentagonal in shape, 5-7-finger-dissected, the upper ones are sessile, three-dissected. The flowers are golden yellow, on long peduncles. Blooms from May to autumn.

A ubiquitous plant; in the meadows during the period of mass flowering forms a golden-yellow background of the herbage.

Fresh grass contains protoanemonin (anemo-nol), saponin, tannins, flavone glycoside; has a phytoncidal effect.

In folk medicine, a decoction of flowers is drunk in small doses for liver diseases, an ointment from flowers with pork fat is rubbed with a cold, a cotton swab moistened with plant juice is applied to sore teeth, things are poured with water decoction from bedbugs and Prussians. Fresh grass is used in homeopathy for skin diseases, gout, neuralgia; buttercup products have been successfully used in dermatology, in particular in the treatment of skin tuberculosis. A decoction of the herb is taken for stomach and headaches. Fresh leaves are used for rubbing the legs with an ache instead of mustard plasters and blister plasters.

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