Zvichayny lion – common flax

(Linaria vulgaris); linaria, wild flax, dogwood; Rannykov family (Scrophulariaceae); common flax

Often this plant is called wild lion’s mouth, and it is not surprising. The lion’s mane and the lion’s mane are close relatives: they belong to the same family, but to different genera. The shape of flowers and leaves bring them together.

Fenugreek is a herbaceous perennial 30-90 cm tall. The root of the plant is long, rod-shaped, with root sprouts. The stem is erect, sometimes branched, with numerous narrow leaves. The leaves are bare, 2-7 cm long. The flowers are irregular, yellow, with an orange spot on the lower lip. Blooms in June-August. The seeds are disc-shaped, with a membranous edge, ripening in September. Fenugreek is a common weed in crops; grows in ditches, dry pine forests (on meadows), along dry field roads and on sandy places. Known throughout the European part of Russia. It happens less often in Western Siberia. It also grows in the West

Europe, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine (all over the territory, except for the south of the steppe zone and northern Crimea).

For the production of medicinal products, linden grass is collected during flowering, cutting off the part of the stem covered with leaves. Raw materials are dried outdoors in the shade or in a ventilated room. The plant is used in folk medicine in Russia and other countries.

The aerial part of the linden contains alkaloid D, L-peganine, flavonoid glycosides linarin, pectolinarin, neolinarin and others. It is rich in ascorbic acid (vitamin C) (up to 170 mg%), a particularly large amount is found in fresh leaves. In addition, the composition of the herb includes pectin and resinous substances, mucus, phytosterol, choline and carotene (provitamin A) (up to 18 mg%). The plant also contains folic, citric and malic acids.

The chemical compounds included in the composition of linko determine its wide therapeutic possibilities. It is known that the alkaloid peganine, which is contained in the plant, lowers blood pressure, increases the filling of the pulse, slows the heart rate, increases the amplitude of contractions and the tone of the smooth muscles of the intestines and uterus. Infusions of herbs have a laxative and choleretic effect. Due to the content of alkaloids, the use of infusions in clinical conditions gives a good result in the treatment of patients with atony and paresis of the intestines and related intestinal obstruction after major operations. The use of infusions helps patients with myopathy and muscular dystrophy. Liquid alcoholic extract is recommended for intestinal atony, flatulence and constipation. It is also used as a diuretic.

Traditional healers prescribe a tincture of the plant for shortness of breath, headache with accompanying vomiting (Meniere’s symptom complex), jaundice (hepatitis), inflammation of the biliary tract, flatulence, colitis, and hemorrhoids. It is believed that the alcoholic extract of the plant expels helminths, treats enuresis (nocturnal urinary incontinence), cystitis, inflammation and prostate hypertrophy. This remedy is also used for delayed menstruation and chronic skin diseases. Externally, a decoction of the herb is used for hemorrhoids, furunculosis, ulcers, acne, and pustular skin diseases. Ointment based on linden on a sterile gauze napkin for 4-5 hours. injected into the anus for hemorrhoids. The same ointment is used to treat eczema and ringworm. In homeopathy, flaxseed is prescribed for diarrhea (diarrhea) and enuresis.

Animals treat linen differently than humans. It is known that they do not eat it (the strange smell and unpleasant taste interfere). Horses sometimes die when the linden gets into straw or hay. Therefore, the plant is contraindicated for quadrupeds.

Bees perceive honey in a completely different way. From 1 hectare of thickets, they collect from 160 to 250 kg of good quality honey.

Herbal infusion. 1 tablespoon of raw material per 400 ml of boiling water. Insist for 2 hours, filter. Take 1/3-1/2 cup 3 times a day before meals.

Tincture (liquid extract) of the herb. Prepared with 40% alcohol (vodka) in a ratio of 1:1. Take 1-2 teaspoons at night as a mild laxative.

Decoction of grass (external). 20 g of raw materials per 500 ml of water or milk, boil for about half an hour, filter. For washes and compresses.

Decoction of grass (external) . 10 g of raw material per 200 ml of boiling water. Heat in a boiling water bath for 20-25 minutes, filter, wring out, bring to the original volume with warm boiled water. It is used as a warm enema for hemorrhoids and pain in the anus.

Ointment from linden grass. 2 parts of chopped dry grass are sprayed with 1 part of 70% alcohol, left for several hours in a closed vessel in a warm place, then 10 parts of tallow are added, heated in an open vessel in a water bath until the alcohol evaporates. Then the product is filtered and squeezed.

It is necessary to be careful when drinking common flax products, given their toxicity.

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