Botanical characteristic. Lily family. Perennial bulbous-rhizomatous plant with an elongated bulb and several linear-oblong wide leaves extending from it with a sharp garlic smell. The stem is straight, up to 75 cm high and up to 6 mm thick. The flowers are small, whitish-green, collected in an umbrella. Blooms in June – July.
Spreading. It occurs in abundance in the forests and mountain meadows of Altai, Kuznetsk Alatau, in the Tomsk and Novosibirsk regions, in the Urals, in the Urals, in Siberia, in the Far East, also in the forest belt of the Caucasus. Grows in fir, spruce and cedar forests, subalpine meadows.
Medicinal raw materials. Flower arrows are collected along with bulbs and young leaves in May – June before the plant begins to bloom. To destroy the pungent odor, the plant is doused with boiling water and then poured with vinegar, and sometimes they are simply salted and fermented.
Chemical composition. The plant contains vitamin C (up to 73 mg% in leaves, 50-100 mg% in a fresh bulb), essential oil, protein, soluble mineral and nitrogen-free extractives, phytoncides with a strong antimicrobial effect.
pharmacological properties. The plant has a strong antimicrobial and antihelminthic effect, improves appetite and digestion, enhances the secretory and motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
Application. Wild garlic is prescribed in fresh or pickled form to increase appetite, improve the activity of the digestive glands, with bloating of the stomach and intestines, with tympania of the proventriculus of ruminants, as an antiscorbutic and tonic. Doses: horses and cattle 30-60 g, small cattle 15-30, dogs 5-15 g 2-3 times a day.