Queen Zvichayna – Common leucanthemum

synonyms: L. margahtae, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum); daughters-in-law, gravedigger; Asteraceae or Compositae family; ordinary sedge

 

The plant, which is often called chamomile in everyday life, actually has a completely different name. Everyone knows chamomile, but if you ask about the queen (daughter-in-law), they usually answer negatively. In addition, this is a well-known character in many poems, songs and other works of art, but in the role of… a daisy. Fortune-telling is done on chamomile, wreaths are woven from chamomile, no one guesses that it is actually an ordinary queen.

The plant is a herbaceous perennial. Its height is up to 120 cm; the stem is bare or slightly pubescent, leafless at the top. Basal leaves

long-petioled, from oblong to obovate, narrowed at the base, toothed at the edges. Stem leaves are sessile or on short petioles, toothed at the edges, linear-oblong. Flowers, like many asters, of two types: tubular (heart-shaped, yellow) and tabular (marginal, white), bloom from the end of May to the beginning of September. The fruit is an achene.

The plant is widespread in Russia and Ukraine almost throughout the territory. Rarely occurs only in the south of Russia. Common in meadows, forest clearings, along the edges of fields. In the gardens, the queen is a weed. However, it is not possible to completely hunt out the plant, and I would like to leave a curtain or two, the flowers are already too beautiful! You can really leave them – it is not only a decorative, but also a medicinal plant. Yes, without any effort we will grow something useful.

The above-ground part of the cornflower is used for the preparation of medicines. Plants are cut during flowering and dried. The herb is used only in folk medicine.

Alkaloids, inulin and a small amount of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) are contained in the above-ground part of the cornflower.

The healing properties of the horsetail have long been known to traditional healers. The preparations of the plant exhibit diuretic, antispasmodic, analgesic and anthelmintic effects. An infusion of the herb is drunk for colds, febrile conditions of various origins, diseases of the respiratory tract (bronchitis, tracheitis), inflammation of the lungs. This product also helps with stomach ailments, it is recommended as a laxative, used for urinary incontinence, inflammatory diseases of the female genital area, uterine bleeding, sluggish contraction of the uterus in the postpartum period. Another indication for the use of horsetail infusions is amenorrhea (absence of menstruation). It is also known that these agents have a sedative effect. For external use, an infusion of double concentration or an ointment of dry grass powder on butter is prescribed, the components are taken in equal proportions. The ointment is stored in the refrigerator. These rabbit products are used for skin rashes, ringworm, scabies and skin ulcers.

Young stems and leaves are added to spring salads. Side effects of the plant are unknown.

Yellow dye for dyeing fabrics used to be obtained from the flowers of the queen bee.

Herbal infusion. 2 tablespoons of raw material per 200 ml of boiling water. Infuse for 4 hours, filter. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day. For external use, the infusion is prepared at the rate of 4 tablespoons of the herb per 200 ml of boiling water.

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