Hemp sowing

An annual large dicotyledonous cultivated herbaceous plant with a straight, not often branched stem, covered at the top with alternate, opposite large leaves at the bottom, palmately dissected into 5-7 lobes to the base; leaf lobes oblong-lanceolate, pointed at apex, cuneate at base, coarsely serrated along margin. Male specimens – “poskan” – bear sprawling paniculate staminate inflorescences. II branches of pistillate plants – “women” – twisted in the upper part of the stem, sit in the axils of the bracts. A plant with an unpleasant smell. The fruit is an ovoid nut. Flowering in July, fruiting in August.

The fruits contain fatty oil, protein substances, resin, vitamin K, traces of alkaloids, steroidal saponins.

The herb has an antibiotic effect. In folk medicine, the fruits are ground with water until an emulsion is formed and drunk for kidney diseases; make poultices from flowers (male and female) for bone fractures as an emollient and analgesic, for infants (apply oil with starch as an ointment), eye diseases (put a lotion from a decoction diluted in a ratio of 1:10), chronic rheumatism (make a compress of seeds or pulp, in the absence of seeds, baths are made from steamed grass).

Hemp “milk” is used internally by nursing mothers to increase milk, used as a tonic and cleanser for dropsy, scrofula, hemorrhoids, diseases of the urethra.

Hemp seed is also used as a diuretic, especially for urinary retention in babies.

Hemp seed tincture is drunk with pulmonary tuberculosis; products of dry distillation of fruits lubricate wounds, burns, abscesses.

The juice from the leaves is used as a laxative. Hemp oil with salt is taken from worms. Mature seed (males) are wrapped around themselves so that “the kavtun comes upstairs”. Hemp oil ointment with honey – for the treatment of corns.


Tincture: 25%; 20 drops 3 times every day.

Decoction: 20 g per 200 ml; 1-2 tbsp. spoons 3 times every day.

Milk from hemp seed is prepared as follows: the seed is ground in an enamel bowl (possibly in earthenware) or crushed, gradually adding water, – a white, milk-like liquid is obtained.

Male flowers are applied from erysipelas.

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