A biennial herbaceous plant with a longish taproot and a branched stem up to 120 cm high. The leaves are linear-lanceolate, sessile, acuminate.
The flowers are light yellow, reed, in large baskets located at the end of the stem. After flowering, fluffy balls are formed, resembling faded dandelion baskets. Achenes are cylindrical, with a spout. Blooms in May-June.
Medicinal raw materials are roots, leaves, juice and flowering tops.
The plant has a diuretic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect.
The roots and stems are used as an antiscorbutic.
A decoction of the root is taken, in addition, for coughs, stones in the liver and kidneys, stomach ulcers, jaundice, gastritis, as well as for skin diseases, scrofula.
The white milky juice of the goat-beard has a wound-healing property.
To prepare the infusion, 2 teaspoons of the roots are poured with a glass of boiling water, insisted for 2 hours, filtered. Accepted under Art. spoon 3-4 times every day.
Goat-beard is added to anti-cancer preparations.
Crushed fresh leaves are applied to inflammatory swellings, purulent wounds and ulcers.