Perennial herbaceous plant with a straight non-branching stem up to 200 cm high. The leaves are wide, compound, double- or triple-triple-pinnate, petiolate. The leaves are sharp, ovate, toothed, the flowers are small, greenish-white, collected in a drooping brush.
It occurs in the forest zone of Western and Eastern Siberia and in the European part of Russia.
Grows in coniferous and birch forests, on edges, forest meadows. Medicinal raw materials are grass and rhizomes, the leaves are harvested at the flowering stage of the plant, the roots – in the fall, after slightly drying in the sun, dried in the usual way.
The aerial part of the plant contains alkaloids, an essential oil with a sharp unpleasant odor, and saponins. Organic acids, tannins, resinous substance, cimicifugin were found in the rhizome.
In folk medicine, an infusion of herbs and rhizomes is recommended for toothache, colds, rheumatism, migraines, venereal diseases and as a birth aid.
In Chinese medicine, black cohosh is used as a general tonic for asthma and as an antidote for snake bites.