Perennial herbaceous plant with creeping rhizome, erect stem, simple, glabrous, slightly sinuous, 30-40 cm high. Leaves are alternate petiolate, ovate or rounded, entire. The flowers are yellow, sitting in bunches in the axils of the leaves. The fruit is a pear-shaped hanging box with finely wrinkled seeds. Blooms in May-June.
Distributed in the southern regions, in the Caucasus. It grows in water meadows, among shrubs, in forests, ravines, along the banks of rivers and lakes.
For medicinal purposes, rhizomes, roots, leaves and seeds are used. The smell is sharp, strong, the taste is bitter. Water, alcohol and ether extracts from leaves and rhizomes have protistocidal and antimicrobial effects. Aristoloquine has low toxicity, increases the strength of heart contractions, dilates peripheral blood vessels, somewhat excites respiration, has a choleretic and diuretic effect, reduces the tone and strength of uterine contractions. In patients in the first stage of hypertension, it lowers blood pressure.
Not used in scientific medicine. In folk medicine, the leaves and roots of kirkazon in the form of infusions on vodka and water decoctions are used for hypertension, pulmonary tuberculosis, gout, chronic cough, dropsy, malaria, influenza, tonsillitis and scurvy; externally, decoctions and freshly crushed leaves are used to treat wounds, ulcers and skin diseases.
Tincture: 6 g per 200 ml of vodka, insist for a week and drink 20 drops 3-4 times every day.
Decoction: 3 g per 200 ml of water, boil for 15 minutes and drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times every day.
Powder infused with white wine has a laxative effect.