Marsh iris (yellow)

A perennial herbaceous plant with a thick and long light brown (light pink in section) rhizome. The stem is straight, 50-120 cm high. The leaves are broadly linear, up to 2 cm wide, 2-rowed, xiphoid. The flowers are regular, golden yellow, on long and thick pedicels emerging from the axils of the upper vaginal leaves, collected in bunches at the ends of the branches. Blooms in May-June. The fruit is a large trihedral oblong box with shiny seeds.

Grows in marshes, along wet river banks, in water meadows. Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes. The rhizome contains essential oil, iridine glycoside, sugar, starch, ascorbic acid, tannins, organic acids.

Yellow iris is included in the collection of M. N. Zdrenko for the treatment of a number of malignant tumors, gastritis, stomach ulcers, etc.

In folk medicine, the rhizome is used as an analgesic for toothache, gastric catarrh, gastrointestinal colic, as an anti-inflammatory for sore throat, diseases of the female organs accompanied by pain, for trichomonas colpitis, as an expectorant for bronchitis and pneumonia, and as a diuretic for dropsy. .


A decoction of the root (a teaspoon of raw materials in a glass of boiling water) is used for rinsing with sore throat, loosening of the gums and douching in inflammatory processes of the female genital area, not often combined with the ingestion of a decoction (2 tablespoons 4 times every day).

A decoction is considered a good cosmetic product – it is used for washing the face and washing the head with dandruff.

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