Centaur less Moench.
The family of Tyrlychev is Gentianaceae
What does it look like? One- or two-year herbaceous plant 15-40 cm tall, branched from the middle of the stem. The lower leaves are ovate and oblong-ovate, blunt, collected in a basal rosette, the upper ones are sharp, opposite, all with 5 veins. Flowers in thick corymbose inflorescences, located at the same height, are contained in the branches of the stems and at the ends of the branches, are dark pink, open before sunrise. The taste of the plant is bitter, the smell is delicate. It blooms in June – September.
Where does it grow? Throughout the territory of Ukraine — in forest glades, dry meadows, slopes, among shrubs.
When and what is collected? The whole plant, at the beginning of flowering, tearing it out by the roots.
When is it used? With poor appetite, indigestion of the stomach, sluggish peristalsis of the intestines (stimulates secretion and peristalsis and has a somewhat laxative effect), with insufficient acidity of gastric juice, heartburn, with diseases of the liver and biliary tract, as an anthelmintic, as well as with flu, malaria, diabetes , anemia (action of the bitter glycoside gentsiopicrin — srytaurin, — gentianine alkaloid, bitterness of erythrocentaurine and erythramine, flavonoids, phytosterol, magnesium lactone, palmitic and stearic acids, volatile oil, resin, vitamin C, tannins), alcoholism. For 1 cup of boiling water, take 1 teaspoon of crushed goldensealand infuse for 10 minutes. Drink 1 glass on an empty stomach, in sips (in case of chronic bowel disorders, drink steam from a mixture of (equally) St. John’s wort and dried flowers – 2 glasses: the first on an empty stomach, the second in 4 times, an hour after a meal). In case of inflammation of the gall bladder (cholecystitis), as recommended by M. A. Nosal, 3 teaspoons of a mixture (equally) of yarrow, rhizomes of yarrow, and flowers of cumin are infused in 2 glasses of cold water from evening to morning, boiled for 5-7 minutes in the morning and drink 1 glass on an empty stomach, and the rest 4 times after meals
In case of stomach aches with bloating of the intestines, boil 1 tablespoon of the rhizome of the yarrow for 10 minutes in 1 liter of water. Pour 2 tablespoons of crushed goldenrod into a very hot broth . 1 tablespoon of bitter wormwood and 1 tablespoon of St. John’s wort and 1 teaspoon each of cold mint and valerian root and steam for half an hour in the oven. Strain and drink 1 glass on an empty stomach, the rest 4 times a day.
In case of flu, pour 4 tablespoons of a mixture (in equal measure) of St. John’s wort, mullein leaves, and chamomile flowers with 3 cups of boiling water, infuse for 10 minutes, and drink throughout the day. In the evening, drink 100 g of vodka heated with 1 spoon of honey. Sleep and sweat beat the flu.
For attacks of malaria, boil 2 tablespoons of finely chopped rosehip root and 1 tablespoon of ash bark in 1 liter of water. In a very hot broth, pour 1 tablespoon of goldenrod and 1 teaspoon each of mullein leaves and chamomile flowers and steam in the oven for half an hour. Sweeten with honey or sugar and drink the entire brew 5 times a day. The course of treatment is 7-10 days (according to M. A. Nosalem).
In case of chronic malaria, take 1 tablespoon of a mixture of St. John’s wort , bitter wormwood, 1 sunflower flower, and 1 cup of boiling water in a ratio of 10:3:5:2, steam for 10 minutes and drink 2 cups a day.
Against alcoholism, prepare a decoction of 1 tablespoon of a mixture of St. John’s wort and bitter wormwood in 1 glass of water, drink spoonfuls three times a day for 2-3 months.
You can also use an alcohol tincture of marginal flowers (petals) and young leaves (without petioles) of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), collected in July-August, taken equally (in a ratio of 1:5). Drink 30-40 drops on a spoonful of water 2-4 times a day (rubber, various resins, quercimethrin, choline, betaine, anthocyanin, carotene are effective). It is better to use in a mixture (in proportion) with an alcohol tincture of autumn eucalyptus leaves or a decoction of leaves (see Eucalyptus spherical).
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