Larkspur field

FIELD LIQUID (field larkspur)


An annual herbaceous plant up to 80 cm tall. The root is thin vertical. Stems erect, splayed-branched. Leaves doubly-trisected with linear 2-3-separate lobes. The whole plant is covered with adpressed white hairs. The flowers are purple, collected in rare brushes. The fruit is a leaflet, narrowed at the top into a thin short spout. Blooms from June to September.

Strongly poisonous.

It grows in the Volga region, in the North Caucasus. Sometimes forms thickets, especially near forest belts.

Plants of the larkspur genus contain a variety of biologically active substances: the alkaloids delsemin, delcosin, condelfin, mellitin, elatin, calcarippin, delphinium glucoalkaloid, aconitic acid, camperol glycoside, etc.

For therapeutic purposes, the upper part of the plant, collected during flowering, and seeds are used.

The greatest interest for scientific and practical medicine are alkaloids with a curative-like effect.

These alkaloids have the ability to block the terminal apparatus of the motor nerves and cause relaxation of the skeletal muscles, and therefore they can be used in surgical operations as muscle relaxants and in diseases accompanied by an increase in muscle tone. A feature of elatin, mellitin and condelfin is that they can be administered orally. Save with caution (list B).

In folk medicine, a decoction of the herb is drunk for pneumonia, pleurisy, headache, worms, fright, women’s diseases, whooping cough, jaundice, and most importantly, for all diseases of the urogenital organs (liver, kidneys, bladder, urinary canals, etc.). .), with catarrh of the bladder, the decoction acts mainly as an anti-inflammatory agent, make lotions to the eyes with purulent inflammation of them, with a toothache they polo jester mouth; from a decoction of flowers, lotions are made for the eyes, they are used for colic, convulsions, and fever.


Broth: 20-30 g of grass per 1 liter of boiling water; drink 1/4 cup 3 times every day for genitourinary diseases, jaundice, liver enlargement, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The infusion works better, which is used for venereal diseases, lotions are made for inflammation and suppuration of the eyes.

An infusion of the flowers helps with indigestion, urinary retention, stomach pains, as well as a remedy for strengthening eyesight.

In folk medicine, in addition, larkspur in small doses is used for stomach ulcers, cancer, sclerosis, nervous system disorders, glaucoma, epilepsy, eczema, and lichen.

Infusion (20 g of grass per 1 liter of water); no more than 3 spoons 3 times every day with jaundice, liver enlargement, increased muscle tone, hyperkinesis, diseases of the genitourinary organs, venereal diseases.

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