Symphytum officinale L.

The Boraginaceae family is Boraginaceae


What does it look like? Perennial herb 30-100 cm tall. The root is thick, branchy, almost black on the outside, white on the inside, fragile, uneven at the fracture, astringent-sticky to the taste. The stem is hollow, winged, especially at the top, from the leaves that steeply converge downward; it is thick, straight. The lower leaves are large, narrowed into a winged petiole, oblong-lanceolate, sessile, rough from the hairs that cover them. Flowers are collected in drooping, covered with leaves, curls. Their corollas are dirty purple or lilac, with teeth facing outwards. Blooms in May – July.

Where does it grow? Almost throughout the territory of Ukraine — on levadas, near ditches, streams, on loose peat-mineral soils, on peat bogs.

What and when are collected? Roots, autumn or spring. The roots are difficult to wash. Wash well, cut into pieces and dry.

When is it used? In catarrh of the respiratory tract, in bleeding, hemoptysis, diarrhea, tuberculosis, as an enveloping agent in all types of inflammation of the mucous membrane and antimicrobial (alkaloids cynoglossine and lasiocarpine and glycoalkaloid consolidine are poisonous; medicinal substances are mucus, pectins, rubber, resinous substances, tannins, volatile oil and allantoin, which stimulates cell growth and tissue regeneration).

Comfrey is also used for bone fractures, as its rhizomes contain a lot of organically bound calcium.

In the form of tea, it is prepared like this. In 1 glass of boiling water, without bringing to a boil, steam 2 teaspoons of crushed comfrey root for 6-7 hours . They drink 1-2 glasses a day, in sips. In case of diseases of the chest cavity (tuberculosis) they are steamed not in water, but in milk and alternated with paste (dough) made from dry or fresh comfrey root ground into powder , mixed with 1-2 parts of honey; use no more than 1 teaspoon three times a day (for cough).


Comfrey ointment is used for bone fractures, bone tuberculosis, laryngitis, etc. For this purpose, crushed fresh comfrey root is mixed (equally) with melted unrendered lard (pain-relieving ointment). Wounds, inflamed joints, damaged bones, bruises, and bruises are treated with a paste made from crushed comfrey roots (promotes tissue regeneration). When bleeding from the nose, juice from a fresh stalk of comfrey is drawn into the nose. In case of catarrh of the throat, a water infusion of a mixture of comfrey root, flowers of wild mallow (mallow), garden rose petals, oak bark, scepter vidia flowers, sage leaves and valerian root in a ratio of 1.5 : 1 : 1 : 0.5 is used for gargling. 1 : 0.5 : 0.5 — take 4 tablespoons with the top, pour 1 liter of boiling water overnight, steam, and heat it up before using. Gargle with warm steam 6-7 times a day. The neck is smeared with the mentioned ointment at night, it is wrapped and they try to sweat it. Pain-relieving ointment is also used for inflammation of the veins, sciatica, pain in the stumps after amputation, inflammation of the periosteum, dislocations. Wounds that heal poorly are treated with compresses and lotions made from a tincture of crushed roots in 20% alcohol (action of allantoin).

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