Field frog – field frog

Field frog (Filago arvensis); field frog

 

An annual densely woolly plant of the aster family (complex flowers). The stem is erect, branched and leafy, 15-30 cm high. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, pointed, pressed to the stem and directed upwards, 1-2 cm long. Flowers are in baskets, which are collected in bunches of 3-7 and form a panicle-like inflorescence; marginal flowers — pistillate, filiform-tubular, yellowish-white; middle ones are bisexual, tubular. The fruit is an achene. Blooms in July – August.

Distribution . It grows on sandy places, on fields, slopes, in pine forests, less often in mixed forests throughout the territory of Ukraine.

Raw. They use grass collected during the flowering of the plant.

The plant is unofficial .

Chemical composition . The plant contains saponins and traces of alkaloids.

Pharmacological properties and use . Galena products of the field frog have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antimicrobial, hypotensive and sedative properties. A decoction of the herb is drunk for stomach ulcers, for normal and bloody diarrhea, excessive menstruation, for hypertension, angina pectoris, increased nervous excitability. Externally, in the form of an infusion, the field frog is used for jaundice, scabies, purulent lesions of the skin, for washing purulent ulcers, and for rinsing the mouth and throat with sore throat and toothache.

Medicinal forms and applications .

Internally – a decoction of the herb (3 tablespoons of raw material per 2 cups of boiling water) 1 tablespoon 6 times a day.

Externally – an infusion of the herb (10-15 g of raw material per 300 ml of boiling water, infuse for 30 minutes, strain) for washing and douching (an infusion of increased concentration is prepared for rinsing the mouth and throat).

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