A large biennial herbaceous plant, reaching 3 m in height and 8 cm in thickness under favorable conditions. The rhizome is thick, short, annular on the outside, with numerous furrowed adventitious roots, brown on the outside, white on the inside. The stem is cylindrical, hollow, smooth, bright green. The leaves are alternate with large swollen sheaths, often enclosing the stem, double or triple pinnate, the lower ones are petiolate, the upper ones are sessile. Inflorescence -large (8-18 cm in diameter) yellowish-green spherical umbrella. Blooms in July-August. The fruit is an oblong ribbed capsule.
Widespread in Siberia, Altai and Mountain Shorni. It grows almost everywhere in damp places, in the valleys of rivers and streams, in forests, within swamps.
Refers to plants of a long day: with a short day (12 and especially 8 hours), the fruiting stage passes from the second year to the third. Seeds during storage soon lose their germination.
Close in chemical composition to angelica officinalis or pharmacy.
Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes and roots of the first year of development, dug out in the spring of the second year, peeled from the ground and washed in cold water. They are cut into pieces lengthwise, dried in a dry, ventilated room and finally dried over ignited lime (the raw material is hygroscopic), stored in tightly closed jars.
Angelica descending can serve as a full-fledged substitute for medicinal.