Angelica officinalis – angelica likarsky (veterinary practice)

Name: Angelica officinalis – angelica likarsky (veterinary practice)

Angelica medicinal – archangelica officinalis hoffm.


Popular names: sweet stem, stem.

Botanical characteristic. Umbrella family. Vigorous biennial herb. The rhizome is thick, radish-like, with numerous adventitious wrinkled roots.

The rhizome is hollow inside, with partitions at the nodes, with a strong aromatic odor. The stem is straight, thick, cylindrical, hollow inside, up to 2.5 m high. The leaves are alternate, large, bare, double- and triple-pinnate, with expanded bases covering the stem. The flowers are small, inconspicuous, greenish.

Blooms in June – July.

Spreading. It grows in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of the USSR, in the Southern Urals, in Western Siberia, along the banks of rivers, streams, lakes, in damp places.

Medicinal raw materials. Use rhizomes with roots. They are dug up in spring (April) before budding begins in plants of the second year of life or in autumn (September – October) – in plants of the first year of life. After that, shake off the ground, cut the grass, rinse in cold water and cut into pieces.

Dry in the open air or in well-ventilated areas, in attics or under a canopy. Stored for 3 years in tightly closed boxes.

Chemical composition. The rhizomes and roots contain up to 1% essential oil (it contains a-phellandrin, a-pinene, cymol, sesquiterpenes), up to 6% resins, wax, bitter and tannins.

Pharmacological properties mainly depend on the essential oil, which enhances the secretion of the glands of the gastrointestinal tract, causes choleretic, diuretic and expectorant effects. There is an increase in the contractile function of the smooth muscles of the abdominal organs. The totality of the active ingredients of angelica causes antispasmodic, anti-fermentative and analgesic effects. Under experimental conditions on animals, the tonic effect of the plant on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems has been shown.

Application. Decoctions from rhizomes with roots are used to stimulate appetite and improve digestion, with spasms of smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines, with diseases of the liver and gallbladder, as an expectorant for bronchitis and laryngitis, to enhance secretion and motor function of the intestine, as a diuretic. It is part of the diuretic collection. Doses inside: large animals 10-25 g, small animals 2-5 g.


Rp.: Pulveris rhisomatis et radicis Archangelicae 3.0 Dtd N 10

S. 1 powder 3 times daily with food as an antispasmodic.


Rp.: Decocti rhisomatis et radicis Archangelicae 10.0-5

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