An annual herbaceous plant up to 40 cm high with finely dissected leaves. Flowers purple 7-9 mm long, in racemes. Nutlet obovate, depressed at apex, tuberculate. Blooms all summer, from May to autumn.

Distributed throughout the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western and Eastern Siberia. It grows in the fields, often along the edges of rye crops, in weedy places, in vegetable gardens.

The herb contains substances that have antiparasitic effects, fumarin (propine alkaloid), which excites the nervous system, was found.

In folk medicine, grass collected during flowering and juice are used. Infusion of herbs is used for intestinal atony and lack of appetite, jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, hemorrhoids, chronic diarrhea, dropsy, prickly heat, liver diseases. Fresh juice and water infusion are used as a hemostatic and digestive aid.


For the treatment of gastric catarrhs ​​with low acidity, fume is boiled in beer: 2 teaspoons per 2.5 glasses of beer, boil for 7-10 minutes. Take half a glass 5 times every day.

Decoction: 1 part herb to 20 parts water, 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times every day.

Tincture: 25%, 30 drops 3 times daily.

Fresh juice (for scurvy): 30-50 drops 3 times daily.

Ointment: 1 part juice or condensed broth to 4 parts butter or vaseline.

With gastric catarrhs ​​with reduced secretion, patients were cured by using the following mixture: centaury – 2 g, St. raw water, soaked overnight and boiled for 5-7 minutes in the morning; she insists a little, it is filtered and drunk all in a day in 5 doses: on an empty stomach – 1 glass and throughout the day – 4 times half a glass.

The infusion of the herb has a vasoconstrictive effect and tones the smooth muscles of the uterus.

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