Datura vulgaris

Datura ORDINARY (stinky)

 

An annual herbaceous plant up to 1 m tall. Root taproot, branched. Stems erect, forked-branching. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate, coarsely toothed, with a pointed apex. Flowers solitary, apical or axillary, large, white, fragrant. Corolla and calyx are symbiotic, five-membered. The fruit is a four-celled capsule, opening with four flaps, covered with thorns. Seeds numerous, reniform, black. Blooms in June-August.

It grows on deposits near housing, in littered places, along roads, in wastelands and vegetable gardens. Distributed in the middle and southern strips of the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, Altai and Central Asia.

A fresh plant has an unpleasant, intoxicating smell when touched.

For medicinal purposes, leaves and seeds are used, sometimes the tops of plants. Leaves are harvested during flowering, and seeds are harvested in autumn from ripe fruits. The shelf life of raw materials is 2 years.

Datura leaves contain mainly the alkaloid glosciamine (up to 0.5%), as well as scopolamine and atropine.

Datura leaf preparations have a calming effect on the central nervous system due to the scopolamine contained in them. In addition, they have an antispasmodic effect, contribute to a decrease in the secretory function of the glandular apparatus and are mainly used for asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial asthma and laryngospasm (as part of asthmatol, asthmatin, fees and cigarettes for smoking).

Scopolamine is used as a sedative for the mentally ill, with parkinsonism, to prepare for surgical anesthesia along with morphine; scopolamine is an ingredient in Aeron tablets used against seasickness and attacks of Ménière’s disease.

In folk medicine, dope is used as a sedative for bronchial asthma, neuralgia, neurasthenia, spasms and convulsions, whooping cough, convulsive cough, painful drowsiness, chorea, epilepsy, and constant and persistent hiccups. They give children food “out of fear” (how many years – so many seeds); seeds infused with vodka are drunk with paralysis, spasmodic pains in the abdomen, shortness of breath and severe cough, with various pains (gynecological, neuralgic, rheumatic) and some other diseases, with apism (painful and prolonged tension of the penis without sexual desire – excitation ) and nymphomania (excessive sexual desire in women). A decoction of flowers is drunk for epilepsy, angina pectoris. This plant is a radical remedy for partial prolapse of the uterus and colon (sitz baths, douching, enemas),

With inflammation of the eyes, lotions are made from a decoction or diluted dope tincture.

As an anesthetic, the plant is used for severe pain (cramps) in the stomach.

Application

Broth for inhalation: 20 g per 200 ml of boiled water; inhale through the nose for 15-20 minutes.

Bath decoction: 20 g per bucket of water.

Tincture: 20 g or 1 part crushed seeds to 5 parts alcohol; inhale through the nose for 15-20 minutes. Inside: 2 drops per 2 tbsp. spoons of water; take 4-5 times every day.

Lotions for the eyes: decoction or diluted tincture, 1-2 teaspoons per half glass of water.

Powder from dried leaves: take on the tip of a penknife, not more than 0.1 g per reception and 0.3 g every day (by mouth).

During asthmatic attacks, a few small puffs of a cigarette made from dry dope leaves and sage give a good effect.

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