White sweet clover (white burkun)

Name: White sweet clover (white burkun)

WHITE Clover (white burkun)


One- or two-year herbaceous plant 30-150 cm high. The stem is strong, erect, ribbed in the upper part. Leaves are trifoliate, with obovate or wedge-shaped, unequally toothed leaflets, of which the middle one is petiolate; stipules subulate. The flowers are small, white, bilaterally symmetrical, collected 40-80 in narrow racemes, the peduncle is longer than the calyx; the corolla with wings is shorter than the flag and almost equal to the boat. The fruits are ovoid beans, reticulate-wrinkled, later black-brown, with 1-2 seeds. Blooms from June to September.

It occurs in dry places along railways and highways, in wastelands. In Russia, it is distributed in the European part, in the Caucasus, in Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, in Central Asia.

Medicinal raw material is the herb of white sweet clover. The aerial part of the plant contains coumarin, o-coumaric, molotic acids, choline, tannins, resinous substances, essential oil, vitamin C; seeds are oily. It has an anticoagulant and fibriolytic effect.

In medical practice, in the form of infusions, it is used as an internal remedy for atherosclerosis of the coronary and cerebral arteries, hypertension; externally – mostly in the form of a plaster (as an emollient and analgesic for boils, boils); in the form of compresses – with purulent wounds; ointment from flowers and leaves – a wound healing agent for lubricating cuts. In folk medicine, an infusion of herbs is drunk for pain, small babies are bathed in an infusion for myositis.

The plant is poisonous! If the dose is exceeded or taken for a long time, it can cause bleeding from the kidneys (blood in the urine) and other organs.


Infusion: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of herbs insist night in 0.5 liters of water and drink 0.5 cups 4 times every day. In this case, the supervision of a doctor and the study of prothrombin time are necessary.

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