Name: Caucasian Dioscorea (liana)
DIOSCOREA CAUCASUS (liana)
Perennial herbaceous vine with curly stems up to 3 m long, horizontal, thick, long rhizome. The lower leaves are alternate, heart-shaped oval.
Dioscorea multicystic also has a thick, branched rhizome. Caucasian Dioscorea is an endemic plant of the Caucasus, found in Abkhazia and the Adlerovsky district of the Krasnodar Territory. Dioscorea mnogoskistaya grows along forest edges and shrubs, less often in broad-leaved and mixed forests of the Far East.
The rhizomes of the Caucasian Dioscorea contain up to 10% of saponins, which form the basis of the diosponin product; in Dioscorea multicarpus – up to 8%.
Diosponin is prepared from Dioscorea Caucasian, and POLYSIOUNIN, which is similar in action to Diosponin, but somewhat softer than it, is prepared from Dioscorea multicarpus.
Medicinal raw material is the rhizome. In the people, both types of Dioscorea have long been used for atherosclerosis, headaches, heart failure. Alcohol tincture of the rhizome of Dioscorea is effective for exacerbations of chronic gastritis. This markedly increases the secretory function of the stomach.
The industry produces diosponin powder and diosponin tablets. Assign with general atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis with the main localization of the process in the vessels of the brain, heart, with atherosclerosis, combined with hypertension.
The drug is used both in the initial stages of atherosclerosis for prevention, and in severe stages of the disease. Diosponin is produced in tablets of 0.1 g. Assign 0.05-0.1 g 2-4 times every day after meals for 10 days with a subsequent break of 4-5 days, then repeat this cycle again. Treatment is continued for 3-4 months, the course of treatment is repeated after 6 months.