The gryzhnik is naked. The hernia is polygamous. Gryzhnik hairy

Annual herbaceous plant 5-10 cm high, yellowish-green, slightly pubescent. The root is weak, thin, branched. Stems numerous, recumbent, almost glabrous or slightly short-haired. The leaves are opposite, oblong-obovate or elliptical, small, glabrous. The flowers are small, five-membered, collected in balls in the axils of the leaves at the top of the stem. Blooms from July to September. The fruit is a nut. The plant smells like coumarin when dry.

Medicinal raw material is a herb collected during flowering, dried in the shade in the open air or under a roof.

When collecting, it must be distinguished from Besser’s hernia – a heavily pubescent plant, the column is absent, the stigma is sessile.

The finished raw material is a yellowish-green grass with the smell of coumarin. The finished raw material should not contain more than 3% of roots and rough wooden parts of the stem, browned plants, etc. The storage period is 2 years.

For medicinal purposes, polygamous hernia can also be used, replacing naked hernia in the southern regions. The polygamous hernia is distinguished by four-membered flowers and a long column. When dry, it smells like coumarin. Grows more often in sandy soils.

Hernia herb contains the saponine-like glycoside herniarin (which breaks down into sugar and herniaric acid, which has a pronounced hemolytic effect), paronyquine alkaloid, um-belliferone methyl ester, coumarin and essential oil.

Hernia is used in folk medicine in many countries. It is considered a specific remedy in the treatment of acute inflammatory processes of the bladder, spasms of the bladder.

Gryzhnik is widely used as a diuretic, it is used for all types of kidney diseases, especially for acute nephritis, involuntary urination, dropsy, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, gonorrheal inflammation of the urinary tract, and other diseases.

People recommend taking a hernia for muscle pain as a result of hard physical work, for gonorrhea, inflammation of the kidneys, rheumatism, gout, etc.

It is found on the territory of Russia hairy hernia. It has the same properties and is used in the same way as a bare hernia.


The infusion is prepared at the rate of 1:10 and consumed in 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times every day, or 10-15 g of chopped grass per 1 glass of water, take 1 tbsp. spoon 4-5 times a day for acute and chronic catarrh of the bladder, pain in the joints and urinary incontinence.

Sometimes an infusion of 30-50 g per 1 liter of boiling water is drunk 1/2 cup 3 times every day for the above diseases.

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