Gryzhnik naked – ostudnik goliy (harvesting and storage)

Name: Gryzhnik naked – ostudnik goliy (harvesting and storage)

Gryzhnik naked – Herniaria glabra L. The Ukrainian name is ostudnik goliy, popular names are gryzhnytsya, dog cute, gladun, thunder, ascetic, etc.

 

The clove family is Caryophyllaceae.

The herb is used for medicinal purposes.

It occurs only in the western regions of Ukraine (Transcarpathia, Prykarpattya, Rostochie-Opole, western Polissya). Grows on dry, often stony slopes, riverine sands and pebbles, sands of the second terraces, as well as a weed on light soils. It does not form large thickets, it is traditionally found in small groups.

Stocks of raw materials are small; several centners of grass can be harvested annually.

Gryzhnik naked is an annual plant with a poorly developed root system. The stems are thin, 10-15 cm long, strongly branched, spread along the soil plane. The leaves are opposite, entire, yellowish-green, with ovate, membranous, ciliated stipules. The flowers are small, yellowish-green, collected in few-flowered balls in the axils of the leaves. The fruits are single-seeded nuts in a calyx. The plant blooms from June to September. The fruits ripen in August-October.

The polygamous hernia is also allowed for harvesting and use, the stocks of raw materials of which are much larger. This species is found in forest-steppe and steppe regions (rarely in the west) and in the south of Polissya. Grows mainly on light soils (second terraces of rivers, sometimes near-channel floodplains, also dry steppe slopes of gullies and river valleys, sometimes as a weed in fields and young fallows).

Besser’s hernia found in the south of the Forest-Steppe and in the steppe regions and in the Odessa region, the rough hernia should not be harvested and used.

Grass is harvested during flowering, cut with knives or sickles.

The collected raw materials are dried in attics under an iron roof or under sheds with good ventilation, spreading a thin layer (3-4 cm) on cloth or paper and stirring regularly. The yield of dry raw materials is 23-25%.

According to GOST 21566-76, the raw material consists of whole plants without roots with shoots up to 15 cm long. The leaves are greenish-yellow, 2-10 mm long. Flowers yellowish-green, in small clusters. The smell is coumarin. The taste is slightly tart, with a slimy feel. Humidity is not higher than 13%. In raw materials, no more than 2% of plants with poorly pruned roots, 10% of crumbled leaves and 1% of organic and mineral impurities are allowed.

Dry grass is packed in bales of 100 kg. Store in dry, well-ventilated areas on pallets. Storage period up to 2 years. Raw hernia is exported.

The herb contains herniarine glycoside, herniariesaponin, paropikhin alkaloid, geumarin, umbelliferone methyl ester, essential oil. Used as a diuretic. Used in homeopathy. Gryzhnik can wash pets (hence the name “dog soap”).

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