Spring gorse

The Zhovtetsevi family is Ranunculaceae


What does it look like? A perennial herbaceous plant 50-60 cm tall, with a dark brown, slightly branched root, from which several stems grow, some of which are not flowering. The stems at the base are covered with brown leaves in the form of scales. Stem leaves are alternate, semi-enveloping, sessile, five-fingered: the two lower sections are shorter, pinnate, the upper three- or two-pinnate, their lobes are narrow, linear, bare, entire. The flowers are bright yellow, large, up to 6 cm in diameter, crown the flower-bearing stems and their branches, brownish below, their calyx is fluffy, the corolla has 15-20 petals, they are oblong, toothed. The fruit is a spherical multipea. There are several types of gorse flower . Blooms from early spring to mid-May.

Where does it grow? On clay-limestone soils on dry open slopes, on the edges of birch and oak forests, on meadows, among shrubs. Widespread in the forest and steppe, especially in the chernozem zones, in the Crimea, on the Yail. It occasionally occurs on the steppe slopes in RoztochchiOpilla and in the south of Polissia (Volyn Oblast — Volodymyr-Volynsknyi; Ovadnivskyi District, Verba village; Zhytomyr Oblast; Lviv Oblast — Zolochivskyi District, Chervone village; Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast — Rohatynskyi District, Chortova mountain).

What and when are collected? The entire upper part of the plant is cut off, leaving the lower part bare, and the perennial rhizome during flowering. Dry in the shade at 30°.

When is it used? With heart diseases with decompensation phenomena, with shortness of breath, swelling of the legs and neuroses of the cardiovascular system; with dropsy of renal origin, acute inflammation of the kidneys, with infectious diseases (typhoid, influenza, scarlet fever, etc.), with emphysema of the lungs (jadus). St. John’s wort increases the force of heart contractions and slows down the rhythm (the action of glycosides cymarin, adoniside, adonivernoside, adonitoxin is similar to the action of strophantin; triterpene saponins, flavonoids), In a mixture with dog nettle, valerian, lemon balm, it is used for nervous excitability, insomnia, epilepsy, as well as for glaucoma attacks.

In the form of tea, it is prepared like this. Take 1 tablespoon of chopped plant for 2 cups of boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon every hour. Tea is made fresh every day (it spoils quickly). With dropsy due to acute and chronic inflammation of the kidneys, take 1 tablespoon of a mixture (by weight) of St. John ‘s wort, St. John’s wort leaves, birch buds and horsetail grass in a ratio of 4:5:3:2, pour 1 cup of boiling water, steam in the oven for 2 hours , boil over low heat for 5-10 minutes and take 1 tablespoon every hour. At the same time, they follow a salt-free diet, bed rest and take warm baths every other day. Thanks to this, urine output increases, swelling disappears, and the general condition improves. For neuroses of the cardiovascular system, 1 tablespoon of a mixture of St. John’s wort, valerian root, nettle grass and lemon balm leaves in a ratio of 1:2:3:4 are poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 10 minutes. They drink 0.25 glasses twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.

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