Juglans regia L.
The nut family is Juglandaceae
What does it look like? A long-lasting powerful tree with a thick, spreading crown and balsamic-scented leaves. The leaves are long-petiolate, up to 0.5 m long, odd-pinnate, with 5-9 oval lobes, which, in particular, are up to 15 cm long. Male flowers are collected in thick, dense, hanging catkins, female – 2-3 each on shortened shoots, green, inconspicuous. The fruit is a spherical drupe, enveloped in a green fruit, which turns black in the fall, peels off and reveals a lignified, furrowed bilobed drupe with a four-lobed, inside covered with a thin brown skin, seed – a tasty nut. Blooms in April – May.
Where does it grow? In gardens, estates, in the wild – in forests, Sat. the tropics (Origins from the Balkans, Asia Minor and Central Asia).
What is collected? Green unripe fruits and young leaves, pinching them from the central petiole. They are dried quickly, in attics, because they easily blacken and spoil.
When is it used? With avitaminosis C; as a means that binds and purifies the blood for ringworm and rashes on the skin; with irregular menstruation; as an anthelmintic (due to the action of the alkaloid juglandine, naphthoquinone derivatives, in particular juglone, inositol, mineral salts, volatile oil, tannins, acids, etc.). In the form of tea, it is prepared like this. Take 1 tablespoon of chopped leaves for 1 cup of boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes. Drink 1 glass two or three times a day; with scurvy, diabetes (reduces the percentage of sugar in the urine), as a remedy against roundworms and skin diseases. Tannins and other substances contained in goris act in catarrh of the stomach and intestines against the accumulation of mucus in them, in case of diarrhea.
Alcoholic tincture is prepared from finely chopped green fruits. To do this, 30 walnut fruits are poured with 1 liter of alcohol and exposed to the sun for 14 days, then strained and drunk 1 glass at a time for stomach aches, intestines, indigestion three times a day before meals
Patients with increased acidity of gastric juice are recommended to eat 25-100 g of walnut kernels daily.
A decoction of walnut leaves (5 g per 1 glass of water) is given to children for 1 teaspoon or dessert spoon three times a day for rickets, scrofula, exudative diathesis, and inflammation of the lymphatic glands. For blackheads, take 1 tablespoon of a mixture (equally) of walnut leaves, burdock root, oleander root, and St. John’s wort in 1 glass of water, boil for 5 minutes. They drink 2- From a glass of decoction per day.
In case of excessive secretion of milk in breastfeeding women, use a mixture (in a ratio of 2:4:4) of walnut leaves , hop cones, sage leaves – 1 teaspoon per 1 cup of boiling water. They drink 2-3 glasses a day.
With night sweats, with tuberculosis, boil 1 tablespoon of a mixture (in a ratio of 2.5:2.5:2.5:5) of green seeds of walnut , sage leaves, valerian root and horsetail grass in a glass of water for 15 minutes. They drink 3 glasses a day for 2-3 months.
A decoction (5 g of leaves in 1 glass of water) is used to gargle the throat with tonsillitis and is used for lotions (due to the naphthoquine phenol of juglone), as a bactericidal (antimicrobial) non-specific agent, in the treatment of skin tuberculosis (lupus, scrofuloderma, indurative erythema, lichen scrofula, warty tuberculosis of the skin), chronic epidermophytes and streptococcal and staphylococcal skin diseases.
A decoction of walnut leaves (a handful per 3 liters of water) is added to the baths of children suffering from scrofula and rickets. You can also wash your hair with it (preferably a decoction of the seeds) to give the hair a darker color. Fresh leaves repel insects.
And also pay attention to the article Walnut