Garmala (burial ground)

GARMALA (burial ground)

 

Perennial herbaceous plant 30-70 cm tall. Stems strongly branched, green. The leaves are alternate, three-, five-parted, with linear sharp lobes. The flowers are yellow, large, solitary at the ends of the branches. The fruit is a spherical capsule, three-celled with partitions. Blooms in June-August.

In medical practice, seeds, leaves, stems and roots of harmala are used to obtain the harmine alkaloid. The whole plant is harvested during flowering, the seeds – when ripe.

All parts of the plant contain the alkaloid harmine. The aerial part of the harmala contains, in addition, the alkaloids harmaline, harman and peganine. The greatest number of alkaloids was found in seeds, where their content reaches 3-4%, while harmine accounts for 130% of the total amount of alkaloids. Harmala seeds also have a red pigment in their composition. The roots contain only the alkaloid harmine.

The medicinal properties of harmala are not well understood. In scientific medicine, harmala is not often used for medicinal purposes at present.

Save the harmine with forethought (list B).

In folk medicine, harmala in the form of infusions and decoctions is used in the treatment of colds, malaria. Harmala herb baths are recommended as a good remedy for the treatment of rheumatism, scabies.

Sometimes the infusion is also used as a diuretic, diaphoretic, for diseases of the stomach, myopathy and myasthenia gravis.

Application

Harmala herb infusion (1:10) is used for colds, malaria, 1 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times every day.

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