Grape noble (real)

Vinifera L

The grape family is Vitaceae

What does it look like? Perennial woody twining bush 150-400 cm tall, with tendrils of stem origin. The leaves are alternate, three- and five-lobed, large-toothed with stipules. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, fragrant, have a rudimentary cup and a five-petal fused corolla (in a cap).

The berries are juicy, green or dark red, ripen in August-September. There are many varieties of grapes. Grapes bloom in May – June.

Where does it grow? It can be grown as a cultivated plant almost throughout the territory of Ukraine, but the most common plant is in the steppe and forest-steppe areas, in Transcarpathia and especially in the Crimea.

What and when are collected? Leaves — in May, berries — in August — September.

When is it used? As a means that increases metabolism and increases the tone of the sick person’s body. Berries (pasteurized juice is also possible) are used for weight loss, gastrointestinal diseases, functional neuroses with increased acidity of gastric juice, spastic and atonic constipation, hemorrhoids, as a mild laxative, diaphoretic, as a diuretic for nephritis and urolithiasis , with liver diseases. It is used for anemia and exhaustion of the nervous system, for chronic bronchitis (increases sputum discharge), for emphysema of the lungs, to increase appetite and as a tonic in the initial stage of pulmonary tuberculosis. Grapeimproves blood circulation, lowers blood pressure. Berry juice contains about 20% sugars, organic acids (tartaric, malic, citric, amber, oxalic, formic), salts of potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, enzymes, pectin and tannins, vitamins A, B1 , C. in its chemical composition, grape juice resembles human milk. The high content of sugars, vitamins, salts and organic acids determines the therapeutic effect in various diseases. Treatment begins with the daily amount (1 kg), which is divided into three portions: the first is eaten in the morning on an empty stomach, the second – an hour before lunch, and the third – in the evening. The daily amount of grapes is gradually increased to 2 kg. The course of treatment is 4-6 weeks. At this time, it is not recommended to eat fatty meat and drink milk, beer, alcoholic beverages and mineral water.

A decoction of dried grapes with the addition of a small amount of onion juice is used as a remedy for cough and hoarseness. Grape leaves, rich in vitamin C, are used in dishes (salads). The powder from the dried leaves is used internally (2-4 g per day) as a hemostatic agent, in particular for uterine bleeding. Crushed leaves are applied to purulent wounds and ulcers. A decoction or infusion of grape leaves is used to gargle the throat with tonsillitis and do

3 lotions for skin diseases. Treatment with grapes is contraindicated in diabetes, mouth ulcers and caries, as well as chronic diarrhea, severe tuberculosis and obesity.

And also pay attention to the article Cultivated grapes

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