Name: Veronica fake (veterinary practice)
Veronica is not real – veronica spuria l.
Popular names: viper cornflowers, God’s grass, redberry, blue grass.
Botanical characteristic. Family norichnikovye. Perennial herbaceous plant 40-120 cm high, with a straight branched stem in the upper part. The leaves are opposite or 3-4 in whorls, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 3-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide. The flowers are small, bluish-lilac, collected at the top of the stem and branches in long dense brushes. Blooms from June to September.
Spreading. It occurs on feather grass steppes, steppe meadows, on slopes near birch groves, in the European part of the Soviet Union, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia, Central Asia, and in the Urals.
Medicinal raw materials. Use leaves and flowers collected in the phase of full flowering (July – August). They are dried in well-ventilated attics, under a canopy, in small bundles suspended or spread in a thin layer on the floor. The dried material is placed in a clean dry container (paper bags, boxes, etc.) and stored in a cool place.
Chemical composition. Veronica fake contains a small amount of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins and other substances.
pharmacological properties. Conducted at the Department of Pharmacology of the Troitsk Veterinary Institute, studies have shown that tinctures and the amount of flavonoids of Veronica fake are low toxic. When they were administered intravenously to cats and dogs, an increase in blood pressure was noted, accompanied by an increase in the pulse wave, an increase and deepening of breathing. Veronica preparations have a tonic effect on cardiac activity, increasing the amplitude and slowing down the pace.
After 1-2-fold giving to rabbits and dogs inside the infusion at a dose of 0.2 g / kg for 2-3 days, an increase in the voltage of the R wave, a decrease in the systolic index, an increase in the interval R – R and T – P were noted on the electrocardiogram. phenomena is associated with the stimulating effect of products on the chole- and adrenoreactive structures.
Aqueous extracts of fake veronica enhance the contractile function of the intestines and uterus of rabbits in situ, increasing tone, increasing diuresis and the amount of secreted gastric juice. At the same time, the bioelectric activity of the stomach increases and the proteolytic activity of enzymes increases.
With 1-2-fold oral administration of infusion 1:10 at a dose of 0.1 g/kg to healthy cows and animals with signs of hypotension of the proventriculus, the force of contraction of the scar and the number of its movements per unit time increase. An aqueous infusion of Veronica helps to remove mucous secretions by the respiratory organs, increases appetite, stimulates the activity of various glands and has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiseptic, antitoxic and wound healing effects.
Application. In folk veterinary medicine, veronica is prescribed orally for colds, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma and diseases of the genitourinary organs, as a sedative and heart remedy, externally for baths for skin diseases, acne, rashes, suppuration and scabies. An infusion of Veronica at a dose of 0.1 g/kg is recommended for a broad clinical trial as a cardiotonic (increasing cardiac activity), diuretic and gastric secretion stimulant, and flavonoids (5-10 mg/kg) – only as cardiotonic. Grass and infusion are prescribed at the rate of 0.1 g of dry grass per 1 kg of body weight 2-3 times every day for 7-10 days.