Lysimachia vulgaris; recruiter, morning worker; family Primroses (Rhitiiaceae); common verbena
This is how it sometimes happens that two closely related species are completely similar to each other externally. If the verbozilla luchen has a creeping stem, then its relative, also a herbaceous perennial, the common verbozilla is a rather tall (160-200 cm) plant, with a straight glandular-hairy, slightly branched stem at the top. Its leaves are opposite, short-petiolate, elongated-lanceolate or egg-shaped, arranged in 3-4. The flowers are bisexual, regular, in dense pyramidal panicle inflorescences. The flowering time of both species coincides — June-June-July. The fruit of common verbozilla is a box. It grows in thickets of shrubs, on wet forest edges, floodplain meadows, banks of rivers and streams. A common plant in the forest zone of the European part of Russia, throughout the territory of Ukraine. Sometimes it clogs wet pastures and hayfields. Cattle do not eat it.
The aerial part of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. It is collected during flowering, spread with a thin layer and dried in the air in the shade or in the attic. Dry grass is threshed and the coarse stems are discarded. Raw materials are stored in paper bags and used only in folk medicine.
Dried raw materials contain tannins, saponins, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), amino acid arginine.
Folk healers widely use verbozilla as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, choleretic, anticonvulsant and tonic agent. Infusions of herbs have astringent, bactericidal and protistocidal (harmful effect on protozoa) properties. Plant preparations are used to treat diarrhea, gastritis, various bleedings, general malaise, and as an anti-scurvy agent. External use of verbozilla infusions accelerates the healing of wounds.
The plant is used at home to dye wool in yellow and brown colors.
Bees collect a small amount of nectar from the willow plant. Honey of medium quality also complements the bouquet of so-called flower honey in the general honey collection.