Verba tritychinkova – iva troyhtychinkovaya

Name: Willow triticinkova – willow tritichinkovy

Willow triticinkova (Salix triandra); willow


A dioecious plant of the willow family. A tall bush, rarely a tree, up to 5 m tall. Leaves alternate, entire, with two glands at the base of the blade, lanceolate or elongated-lanceolate, short-pointed, rounded at the base, 3–8 cm long, glandular-serrate on the edge, glabrous . The flowers are unisexual, in small-flowered, thin earrings; bract scales yellowish. The fruit is a box. Blooms in April – May, after the leaves appear.

Spread. It grows along the banks of rivers and lakes, in swamps and wet meadows throughout the territory of Ukraine.

Procurement and storage . Bark collected during sap flow from 3–4-year-old branches is used. Dry outdoors or in a well-ventilated room. 33% of dry raw material is obtained.

The plant is unofficial .

Chemical composition . Willow bark contains tannins (about 12%), flavonoids, flavone glycosides (2.5–3%).

Pharmacological properties and use. A decoction of the bark of the Tricotyledonous Willow has analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diaphoretic, antimalarial, antiseptic, hemostatic, wound-healing, astringent and anthelmintic properties. It is used for headache, neuralgia, various forms of neurosis, rheumatism, gout, colds, malaria, indigestion of food in the stomach, inflammatory phenomena in the stomach and intestines, jaundice, diseases of the spleen and liver (when they are overloaded with large doses of toxins), diarrhea, inflammation of the urinary tract, gynecological and infectious diseases, gastric, intestinal, uterine and other bleeding. Externally, the bark decoction is used for rinsing (for stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, angina, inflammatory processes of the oral cavity and throat), for foot baths (for hyperhidrosis, phlebitis, varicose veins, muscle weakness

Medicinal forms and applications .

Internally – bark decoction (15 g per 200 ml of boiling water) 1 tablespoon three times a day;

bark infusion (1 teaspoon per 200 ml of boiling water, infuse until cool, filter) 1 tablespoon 4–5 times a day;

bark powder 0.5–1 g per night.

Externally – infusion for baths (1 teaspoon of bark powder per 400 ml of cold water, infuse for 8 hours, filter) with hyperhidrosis;

a strong bark decoction for rinsing, washing wounds and foot baths.

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