A sharp-leaved willow – a sharp-leaved willow

Willow gostrolista (Salix acutifolia); holly willow


A dioecious plant of the willow family. Tree or shrub up to 5 m tall. The bark is red or yellow. The leaves are whole, alternate, lanceolate, elongated-pointed, glandular-serrate, glabrous, green above, bluish below, 6–15 cm long. The flowers are unisexual, in sessile, ovoid, thick silver-haired earrings up to 3.5 cm long. The fruit is a box. Blooms in March – April, long before the leaves appear.

Spread. It grows almost throughout Ukraine (except the Carpathians and the Crimea) along the banks of rivers and reservoirs, on riverside sand terraces. Cultivated as phytomelioration and decorative plant.

Procurement and storage . Bark collected during sap flow from 3–4-year-old branches is used. Dry outdoors or in a well-ventilated room. 33% of dry raw material is obtained.

The plant is unofficial .

Chemical composition . Willow bark contains tannins (about 12%), flavonoids, flavone glycosides (2.5–3%).

Pharmacological properties and use. A decoction of willow bark has analgesic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diaphoretic, antimalarial, antiseptic, hemostatic, wound-healing, astringent and anthelmintic properties. It is used for headache, neuralgia, various forms of neurosis, rheumatism, gout, colds, malaria, indigestion of food in the stomach, inflammatory phenomena in the stomach and intestines, jaundice, diseases of the spleen and liver (when they are overloaded with large doses of toxins), diarrhea, inflammation of the urinary tract, gynecological and infectious diseases, gastric, intestinal, uterine and other bleeding. Externally, the bark decoction is used for rinsing (for stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, angina, inflammatory processes of the oral cavity and throat), for foot baths (for hyperhidrosis, phlebitis, varicose veins, muscle weakness

Medicinal forms and applications .

Internally – bark decoction (15 g per 200 ml of boiling water) 1 tablespoon three times a day;

bark infusion (1 teaspoon per 200 ml of boiling water, infuse until cool, filter) 1 tablespoon 4–5 times a day;

bark powder 0.5–1 g per night.

Externally – infusion for baths (1 teaspoon of bark powder per 400 ml of cold water, infuse for 8 hours, filter) with hyperhidrosis;

a strong bark decoction for rinsing, washing wounds and foot baths.

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