Perennial herbaceous plant 15-40 cm tall, white-tomentose-pubescent. Taproot, branching at the top. Leaves alternate, lanceolate; the lower stems are petiolate, while the upper and middle stems are sessile. The flowers are small – yellow or orange, collected in spherical baskets, forming a corymbose panicle, bisexual. The smell is weak, fragrant; bitter-spicy taste. The fruits are achenes with hair flyers. Blooms in June-August.
Medicinal raw materials are inflorescences collected at the beginning of blooming flowers, with short dangling stems. Raw materials are dried in the open air in the shade, in the attic or in dryers. Stored in boxes or tins with lids. The storage period is 3-5 years.
Cumin flower baskets contain essential oil, sterol compounds, dyes, tannins and bitter substances, vitamins C and K, carotene, phylloquinone, trace elements – iron, copper, chromium.
In medical practice, cumin inflorescences are used in the form of a decoction, collection (tea), tincture, dry concentrate of flamin and liquid extract for cholecystitis, hepatitis, cholangitis as a choleretic agent. Helichrysum preparations increase bile secretion, reduce the concentration of bile acids and the content of bilirubin in bile, increase the tone of the gallbladder, stimulate the secretory function of the pancreas and stomach, and increase diuresis. In patients, nausea, pain in the liver, flatulence are reduced, vomiting stops, subicteric staining of the sclera and skin disappears, and the size of the liver decreases. Improvement is noted already on the 3rd day.
In folk medicine, a decoction of grass and immortelle flowers is used to treat various diseases of the liver (as a choleretic), bladder and urinary tract, as a diuretic, and is also used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as an antihelminthic (roundworm) and as a hemostatic.
A particularly good therapeutic effect is given by treatment in combination with other herbs (for example, with common flaxseed, field larkspur) of diseases of the kidneys, liver, and bladder.
For humans, cumin is not toxic. It is used in the form of infusion, decoction, extract; flamin is part of the choleretic fees. Flamin is an amorphous powder of yellow color and bitter taste, it changes the composition of bile and regulates the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Recommended for the treatment of hepatocholecystitis, cholecystitis and cholangitis.
Infusion: 1 full Art. a spoonful of crushed flowers in 0.5 liters of cold boiled water – a daily dose. You can add a spoonful of pure bee honey. Insist 8 hours.
Decoction: 16 g per 360 ml or 1 tbsp. spoon in two glasses of water (fill with cold water and boil), leave for 4 hours. Use a quarter or half a glass, and if the broth is condensed, then 1 tbsp. spoon three times every day.
Liquid extract: 30-40 drops 3 times every day.
Dry powder (or flower powder replacing liquid extract): 1 g or one small pinch three times daily.
A mixture of choleretic agents: sandy cumin – 4 parts, red clover – 3 parts, peppermint (leaves) – 2 parts, coriander (fruits) – 1 part. 1 st. pour a spoonful of the mixture with a glass of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes and take half a glass three times every day for half an hour before meals.
Note. In the northern regions, people use cumin more widely: for jaundice (!), nephrolithiasis, pulmonary tuberculosis, diseases of the kidneys, stomach, women’s diseases, for bleeding after childbirth, malaria, bites by rabid animals, from an eyesore, they bathe babies in a decoction when frightened.